11 October 2010
The first humans appearance in the the Iberian Peninsula date from about 30000 to 50000 b.C. with the present of the Cro-Magnons. The most important remains of this period are the arqueological finding (Játiva) and Piñar (Granada). The most important sign of prehistoric human prescence are painting in North the Spain in Altamiracave.The first signs of modern humans appear to be the Iberians , a Libyan people, who from north of Africa. Around 4000 BC, much of Spain was populated by Tartessos, the earliest urban cultured documented. They settled 1100 BCE. in the valley of Guadalquivir river, in the south of Spain.
The nest group of people that arrive to Spain are the Celts who arrived on 1200 b.C., From themixed of two races they arouse a new race Cantbrians.
The Phoenicians arrived to the peninsula in 1100 b.C. Themost important Phoenicians settled of Cadiz. The Greec settled along the Mediterranean coast of Spain and also the Carthaginians occupying the Balearic Islands at the same time. After the fall of Phoenicia, Carthaginians conquered the Iberian Peninsula. The most importantcolonie was Carthago Nova, the "new Carthago".
After the Cartalagho the Rome imperial began the conquest of Spain,. The roman domain lasted two centuries. The romans influence in Spain left four powerful social elements: the Latin language, Roman law, the municipality and the Christian religion. The romans supplied Spain with food, olive oil, wine and metal.
In A.D. 409, after theRoman Empire then, Gothic tribes invade the peninsula. They were also, defeated by the Visigoths, a Germanic tribes migrated from central Europe. The Gothic dominance lasted until the beginning of the 8th century. In 711, the Muslims of northern Africa launched an invasion across the Strait of Gibraltar and occupated the Spain Penninsula. They conquest the majority of the Countries with theexception of small area in the north; compoused by the providences Asturia, Navara and Aragon. Eventually they become kingdom.
The period of Muslim domain is divided into three periods: the Emirate (711 to 756), the Caliphate (756-1031) and the Reinos de Taifas (small independent kingdoms) (1031 to 1492). During almost 750 years, independent Muslim states were established, and the entirearea of Muslim control became known as Al-Andalus. This most importance cities and riches of Spain were the Muslims. The downfall fo the Muslims started in 11th century. The north and centre of Spain was back under Christian control.
During almost 30 years the Muslims rapidly lost territory, until they were definitely and they lost the kindom of Granada ( the last Moorish kingdom, in 1492).By 1512 the unification of Spain was complete.
During the reign of Isabel and Ferdinand, Spanish became a super power; with the colonization of the New World specific the conquest of Mexico by Hernan Cortés and Peru by Fernando Pizarro. During these next three hundred years, Spain was prospering economically thanks to the trade with its American colonies. Spain's colonial empire coveredalmost all of South America, North America, the Philippines in Asia, and portions of coastal Africa
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) resulted in Spain's loss of Belgium, Luxembourg, Milan, Sardinia, and Naples. Its colonial empire in the Americas and the Philippines vanished in wars and revolutions during the 18th and 19th centuries. That epoch also marked the end of thedynasty of the Habsburgs and the coming of the Bourbons. With the accession of the Bourbon dynasty to the Spanish throne at the beginning of the 18th century, Spain came within the French sphere of influence for the following 100 years, after the defeat of Napoleon's army during the Peninsular War. In 1808 Joseph Bonaparte was installed on the Spanish throne, following the Napoleonic invasion to the...