Is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe where it is bordered by Germany to thenorth, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Extending across the north and south side of the Alps, Switzerland encompasses a greatdiversity of landscapes and climates.
The population is about 7.8 million, resulting in an average population density of around 190 people per square kilometer.
Switzerland contains three basictopographical areas: the Swiss Alps on the south, the Central Plateau or middle land, and the Jura mountains on the north.
The climatic, geological and topographical conditions of the alpine regionmake for a very fragile ecosystem that is particularly sensitive to climate change
The most popular northern part of the country, comprising about 30% of the country's total area, is called theMiddle Land. It has greater open and hilly landscapes, partly forested, partly open pastures, usually with grazing herds, or vegetables and fruit
There are large lakes found here and the biggest Swisscities are in this area of the country. The largest lake is Lake Geneva (also called Lac Léman in French), in western Switzerland. The Rhone River is both the main input and output of Lake Geneva.Contrasted landscapes between the Matterhorn area in the high Alps, the Sanetsch region and the plateau at Lake Lucerne
There are 12 universities in Switzerland, ten of which aremaintained at cantonal level and usually offer a range of non-technical subjects.
The first university in Switzerland was founded in 1460 in Basel (with a faculty of medicine) and has a tradition ofchemical and medical research in Switzerland. The biggest university in Switzerland is the University of Zurich with nearly 25,000 students
University of Zurich
Swiss culture is...