Superlative adjectives

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Superlative Adjectives
Definition:The superlative is the form of an adjective of an adverb that show a which thing has that quality above arbelow the level of the other. It denotes the greatest degree regarding the quality of the adjectives used
Uso:A superlative adjective expresses the extreme or highest degree of a quality. We use a superlative adjective to describe the extreme quality of onething in a group of things.
In the example below, "biggest" is the superlative form of the adjective "big":
A B C
Formation of Superlative Adjectives
As with comparative adjectives, there are two ways to form a superlative adjective:
• short adjectives: add "-est"
• long adjectives: use "most"
Short adjectives
1-syllable adjectives old, fast
2-syllable adjectives ending in -y happy, easyNormal rule: add "-est" old → the oldest
Variation: if the adjective ends in -e, just add -st late → the latest
Variation: if the adjective ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, double the last consonant big → the biggest
Variation: if the adjective ends in -y, change the y to i happy → the happiest
Long adjectives
2-syllable adjectives not ending in -y modern, pleasant
all adjectives of 3or more syllables expensive, intellectual
Normal rule: use "most" modern → the most modern
expensive → the most expensive






Use of Superlative Adjectives
We use a superlative adjective to describe one thing in a group of three or more things. Look at these examples:
• John is 1m75. David is 1m80. Chris is 1m85. Chris is the tallest.
• Canada, China and Russia are big countries. ButRussia is the biggest.
• Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
If we talk about the three planets Earth, Mars and Jupiter, we can use superlative adjectives as shown in the table below:
Earth Mars Jupiter
Dia-
meter (km) 12,760 6,790 142,800 Jupiteris the biggest.
Dis-
tance from Sun (million km) 150 228 778 Jupiter is the most distant from the Sun.
Length of day (hours)24 25 10 Jupiter has the shortest day.
Moons 1 2 16 Jupiter has the most moons.
Surfacetemp.
(degreesCelcius) 22 -23 -150 Jupiteris the coldest.

What Is a Superlative Adjective
A superlative adjective compares three or more nouns. This takes the comparison of nouns to the highest degree. An example would be: “My mother’s cooking is the best.” The rules for making superlative adjectives arealmost identical to the rules for making comparative adjectives. They are:
• One syllable words - add “est” to the word. Remember that it is sometimes necessary to double the final consonant. Examples are: strongtostrongest and big to biggest.
• One syllable words ending with an “e” - only add “st” like fine to finest or rare to rarest.
• Two syllable words ending with a “y” - change the“y” to an “i” and add “est.” Two examples are crazy to craziest and silly to silliest.
• Two and three syllable words - use “most” or “least.” Examples include most desirable and least expensive.






Exercises Adjectives Superlatives

1.Complete the following statements

2. Complete the sentences using the superlative form of the adjective in brackets:Superlative Adjectives
Definition:The superlative is the form of an adjective of an adverb that show a which thing has that quality above arbelow the level of the other. It denotes the greatest degree regarding the quality of the adjectives used
Uso:A superlative adjective expresses the extreme or highest degree of a quality. We use a superlative adjective to describe the extremequality of one thing in a group of things.
In the example below, "biggest" is the superlative form of the adjective "big":
A B C
Formation of Superlative Adjectives
As with comparative adjectives, there are two ways to form a superlative adjective:
• short adjectives: add "-est"
• long adjectives: use "most"
Short adjectives
1-syllable adjectives old, fast
2-syllable adjectives ending in...
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