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Canada

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For other uses of "Canada" and "Canadian", see Canada (disambiguation) and Canadian (disambiguation).
[pic]
|Canada |
|[pic] |
|[pic]|
| |
|Flag |
|Arms |
| |
|Motto: A Mari Usque AdMare  (Latin) |
|"From Sea to Sea" |
|Anthem: "O Canada" |
|Royal anthem: "God Save the Queen" |
|[pic] |
|Capital|Ottawa |
| |[pic]45°24′N 75°40′W / 45.4°N 75.667°W / 45.4; |
| |-75.667 |
|Largest city |Toronto |
|Official language(s) |English and French |
|Recognised|Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Cree, Dëne Sųłiné, |
|regional languages |Gwich’in, Inuvialuktun, Slavey and Tłįchǫ |
| |Yatiì[1] |
|Demonym |Canadian |
|Government |Federal parliamentary democracy and |
||constitutional monarchy[2] |
| -  |Monarch |HM Queen Elizabeth II |
| -  |Governor General |Michaëlle Jean |
| -  |Prime Minister |Stephen Harper |
|Legislature |Parliament |
| - |Upper House |Senate |
| -  |Lower House |House of Commons |
|Establishment |
| -  |British North America |July 1, 1867  |
| |Acts ||
| -  |Statute of Westminster |December 11, 1931  |
| -  |Canada Act |April 17, 1982  |
|Area |
| -  |Total |9,984,670 km2 (2nd) |
| | |3,854,085 sq mi |
| -  |Water (%) |8.92 (891,163 km²/344,080 mi²) |
|Population |
| -  |2010 estimate |34,002,000 [3] (36th) |
| -  |2006 census |31,241,030[4]  |
| -  |Density |3.2/km2 (228th)|
| | |8.3/sq mi |
|GDP (PPP) |2008 estimate |
| -  |Total |$1.300 trillion[5] (14th) |
| -  |Per capita |$39,098[5] (13th) |
|GDP (nominal) |2008 estimate...
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