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A food guide pyramid is a triangular or pyramid-shaped nutrition guide divided into sections to show the recommended intake for each food group. The first food pyramid was published in Sweden in1974.[citation needed] The most widely known food pyramid was introduced by theUnited States Department of Agriculture in 1992, was updated in 2005, and then replaced in 2011.[1] Over 25 other countriesand organizations have also published food pyramids.[2]
Contents  [hide]  * 1 Origin * 2 Food Pyramid published by the World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization Joint ExpertConsultation * 3 USDA food pyramid * 3.1 History * 3.2 Food groups * 3.2.1 Carbohydrates * 3.2.2 Vegetables * 3.2.3 Fruits * 3.2.4 Oils *3.2.5 Dairy * 3.2.6 Meat and beans * 3.3 Controversy * 3.4 Alternatives * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links |
[edit]OriginAmid high food prices in 1972, Sweden's National Board of Health and Welfare developed the idea of "basic foods" that were both cheap and nutritious, and "supplemental foods" that added nutritionmissing from the basic foods. Anna Britt Agnsäter, head of the test kitchen at KF, aconsumer co-op that worked with the Board, held a lecture the next year on how to illustrate these food groups.Attendee Fjalar Clemes suggested a triangle displaying basic foods at the base. Agnsäter developed the idea into the first food pyramid, which was introduced to the public in 1974 in KF's Vi magazine. Thepyramid was divided into basic foods at the base, including milk, cheese, margarine, bread, cereals and potatoes; a large section of supplemental vegetables and fruit; and an apex of supplemental meat,fish and eggs. The pyramid competed with the National Board's "dietary circle," which KF saw as problematic for resembling a cake divided into seven slices, and for not indicating how much of each...