It is a piece of work which involves learners in comprehending, manipulating, producing or interacting in the target language while their attention isprincipally focused on meaning rather than form. The task should also have a sense of completeness, being able to stand alone as a communicative act in its own right.
Task-based learning (TBL) is typicallybased on three stages.
• The pre-task
This phase in done in three steps: introducing the topic, identifying topic language and giving task instructions.
• The Task Cycle
The taskcycle can be broken down into three stages: task, planning, and report.
• Language Focus
The language focus consists of analysis and practice.
Language is used for a genuinepurpose; real communication takes place.
Short-term and long-term motivation are gained from successfully completing tasks.
The learner has the chance to privately practice the language, and thento publicly show other learners.
Task-based learning offers action and reflection. In contrast, it is high in action and offers a lot of opportunities for reflection.
• To integrateall four skills and to move from fluency to accuracy plus fluency.
• To provide the speaker with some information, a listener who requires it, and an awareness that the information gap exists.• To create a real purpose for language use and provide a natural context for language study.
• To combine the best insights from communicative language teaching with an organized focuson language form.
• The advantages of TBL
• The students are free of language control.
• A natural context is developed from the students' experiences with the language that ispersonalized and relevant to them.
• The students will have a much more varied exposure to language with TBL.
• It is a strong communicative approach where students spend a lot of time...