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What is the tattoo?

A tattoo is a puncture wound in the deep layers of your skin, which is filled with ink. Are made by penetrating the skin with a needle and injecting ink into the area, usually creating some sort of design. The reason that tattoos last so long is that they are profound: the ink is not injected into the epidermis (the top layer of skin that we continue producing and changingthroughout life.) On the contrary, is injected into the dermis, which is the second deepest layer of skin. The skin cells are very stable, so the tattoo is practically permanent.
Tattoos used to be done manually, ie the artist responsible for carrying out the tattoo skin pricked with a needle and inject the ink by hand. While this process is still used in some parts of the world, most tattooshops use a tattoo machine. A tattoo machine is a handheld electric instrument, similar to a dentist around. At one end, has a sterile needle, connected to tubes that contain ink. It uses a pedal to start the machine, which moves the needle in and out while the ink deposited approximately 1 / 8 inch (about 3 mm) below the skin.


The tattoos were a Eurasian practice in Neolithic times, andhave even found a mummy of the second century AD
In 1991 there was a Neolithic mummy in a glacier in the Austrian-Italian Alps, with 57 tattoos on his back. This mummy is known as the Iceman or Ötzi, is the human cadaver skin oldest ever found, and the age varies depending on the author: Cate Lineberry, the Smithsonian, he calculates to about 5,200 years old. From this discovery we can say thattattooing is as old as man himself. However, the different cultures used the tattoo they did in different ways, both as art, in the sense of creating rituals and symbolic meanings, as in ancient Egypt, as to mark or report the criminals, which is the case of ancient Greece and Rome. It is even believed that, by its position in the Iceman, the brands met a therapeutic
Cultural differencesBelow is a list of cultures and uses leading tattoo. We will try as far as possible, maintain a chronological linearity.

Apparently, this region of the world is the one with the tattoo artist broader tradition. The various tribes of Polynesia used tattoos as body ornamentation, without thereby losing their own strong sense of community. The tattoo started at an early age and lasteduntil the body is not left untouched region of the pigments. Beyond its aesthetic sense, the tattoo gave favored hierarchy and communal respect to the wearer in skin: the more tattooed was someone, the more respect is owed​​. In particular, Maori tattooing used for battle. The drawings that were in the skin contributed to his famous strategy to scare your enemigos.2

In Egypt were mostlywomen who were tattooed. It gave him the tattoo and magical protective functions. The supernatural character tattoo was not unique to Egypt, many cultures gave him the power to tattoos. For this purpose, we women were tattooed to show courage, the marked men as if they were his propiedad.3

In North America, Indians used tattoos as part of a rite of passage. When a person passing frompuberty to adulthood it tattooed to protect your soul. However, this was not the only ritual use being made of the tattoo in this region of the world. In Central America, the tribes used tattoos as a commemoration of the fallen in battle and as a form of worship of the gods.
In the southern hemisphere of the Americas, indigenous tribes also painted their bodies, but not permanently. Pigments made​​with flowers and plants and animal fats, gave new tones accompanying rituals temporarily with deep meanings and spiritual equal, which took off once the rite
Far East

Ensei Roshi, with his whole body tattooed with a heavy stick in his hand. Utagawa Kuniyoshi, alias Ichiyusai (1797-1861), Japanese artist, ukiyo-e school.
Around the tenth century BC, the tattoo came to Japan. Since their...
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