The first inhabitants of the island were the Arawaks and Tainos, who arrived on the island between 1000 and 400 a. C. Itremained on the island until the arrival of the British
Jamaica was a Spanish possession after Christopher Columbus reached the island in 1494. Columbus used the island as a mini-state for theirfamily. The English Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables seized the island in 1655. In its first 200 years of British rule, Jamaica became the largest sugar exporter in the world, producing77,000 tons a year between 1820 and 1824. This productivity would never have succeeded without the slave labor brought from Africa.
The Jamaican Constitution, promulgated in 1962established a system of parliamentary government, according to the UK model. The prime minister is the head of government. The British monarch is head of state and is represented by a governor general,who is appointed on the advice of the prime minister.
The Island consists mostly of mountainous terrain surrounded by a small strip of coast. The cities are usually set in thecoastal plain.
The climate in Jamaica is tropical, generally warm and humid, even in mountain areas can be somewhat cooler.
Despite its location in the middle of the Caribbean Sea, does not sufferhurricanes as often as the neighboring islands. This is mainly due to its mountains, which diverted.
Islands, cays and banks: Apart from the main island of Jamaica includes several smaller groups ofislands, shoals, cays and reefs:
Keys of Peter (Pedro Cays)
Port Royal Cays (Port Royal Cays)
Mordant Cays (Mordant Cays)
Sandals Cay (Sandals Cay)
Brogue Islands (Brogue Islands)...