World Food Program
China’s Position Paper in Food Assistance to Vulnerable Populations Affected by Conflicts and Food Shortages in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Delegate Mariana Licon Vargas
ITESM Campus Santa Fe
Official Name: People's Republic of China
Languages: The official language is Modern Standard Mandarin(70% of thepopulation).
Form of Government: Single-party state,
nominal communist state.
Chief of state: Hu Jintao
Prime Minister: Wen Jiabao
Area: 9,640,821 km2 [b] or 9,671,018 km²[b](3rd/4th)
3,704,427 sq. mi
Religion: traditional religions—Buddhism(660 million (~50%),Taoism(400 million (~30%), and Chinese folk religions.
People's Republic of China (PRC), isthe most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometers. It is the world's second-largest country by land area. The People's Republic of China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China (CPC). In 1971, the PRC gained admission to United Nations and took the Chinese seat asa permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. The PRC is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the G-20. As of September 2011, all but 23 countries have recognized the PRC as the sole legitimate government of China.
Since the introduction of market-based economic reforms in 1978, Chinahas become the world’s fastest major economy, and the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. it is the world's second-largest economy, after the United States, by both nominal GDP and purchasing power parity (PPP). China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, with the second-largest defense budget. In 2003, China became the thirdnation in the world, after the Soviet Union and the United States, to independently launch a successful manned space mission. China has been characterized as a potential superpower by a number of academics, military analysts, and public policy and economics analysts.
Since economic liberalization began in 1978, the PRC's investment- and export-led economy has grown 90 timesbigger and is the fastest growing major economy in the world. According to the IMF, the PRC's annual average GDP growth between 2001 and 2010 was 10.5%, the Chinese economy is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of 9.5% between 2011 and 2015. However on per capita terms, China ranked only 90th by nominal GDP and 91st by GDP (PPP) in 2011, according to the IMF.
China now ranks 29th inthe Global Competitiveness Index, although it is only ranked 135th among the 179 countries measured in the Index of Economic Freedom. Today, about 10% of the Chinese population lives below the poverty line of US$1 per day (down from 64% in 1978), while life expectancy has increased to 73 years. In recent years, China's rapid economic growth has contributed to severe consumer inflation, causing the pricesof basic goods to rise steeply. Food prices in China increased by over 21% in the first four months of 2008 alone. The PRC's growth has been uneven, with some geographic regions growing faster than others, and a pronounced contributing to a national Gini coefficient of 46.9%.
Topic A: Food Shortages in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The North Korean famine began in the early1990s. Estimates state that, from a population of approximately 22 million, between 900,000 and 3.5 million people died from starvation or hunger-related illnesses, with the deaths peaking in 1997.
North Korean rice fields were more productive than South Korea, but this prosperity was made possible by heavy subsidies, large irrigation works andfertilizer extensive use, all that was sustained...