Terapias alternativas

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Berenzon Gorn, Shoshana;Alanís Navarro, Sarahí;Saavedra Solano, Nayelhi El uso de las terapias alternativas y complementarias en población mexicana con trastornos depresivos y de ansiedad: Resultados de una encuesta en la Ciudad de México Salud Mental, Vol. 32, Núm. 2,marzo-abril, 2009, pp. 107-115 Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente México
Disponible en: http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/src/inicio/ArtPdfRed.jsp?iCve=58212275003

Salud Mental ISSN (Versión impresa): 0185-3325 perezrh@imp.edu.mx Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente México

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Salud Mental 2009;31:107-115 Uso de las terapias alternativas en población mexicana con trastornos depresivos y de ansiedad

El uso de las terapias alternativas y complementarias en población mexicana con trastornos depresivos y de ansiedad: Resultados de una encuesta en la Ciudad de MéxicoShoshana Berenzon Gorn1, Sarahí Alanís Navarro1, Nayelhi Saavedra Solano1
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The use of therapeutic methods and assistance different from the officially recognized ones, in addition to self-care practices, has remained constant throughout history. The extensive interest in so-called alternative or complementary medicine (ACM) has occurred as a result of their growing usein various countries. International literature reports the growing use of alternative and/or complementary treatments by persons with emotional disorders, particularly depression or anxiety. Commonly mentioned alternatives include relaxation techniques, physical therapies, herbal treatment, chiropractice and spiritual healing. The National Survey on Psychiatric Epidemiology undertaken in Mexico(2002) reported that 6.5% of the individuals with affective disorders in the 12 months prior to the study used some kind of alternative medicine. This occurred in 7.3% of the individuals with anxiety disorders and 3.9% of those with disorders associated with substance use. Information from surveys conducted in Mexico City showed that from 18% to 20% of the individuals with depressive disorders,18% had physical disorders and over a quarter of those with anxiety problems seek a solution to their suffering in various types of alternative medicine. The aim of this study is therefore to determine the therapeutic resources used by the population to treat emotional problems and to analyze the prevalence of these practices in individuals with anxiety or depressive disorders. Method The studywas conducted on the inhabitants of six neighborhoods in Mexico City. They were all selected on the basis of the criteria established in a multi-stage, stratified random sample design. The stratification variable used was socio- economic level. The questionnaire included four sections: 1) socio-demographic characteristics; 2) use of 10 self-care and/or alternative service resources related to thepresence of emotional disorder; 3) characteristics of the resources or services use and 4) prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders. The ethical guidelines followed in this research included obtaining verbal informed consent and providing a clear explanation about the objectives of the research, and the way the dwelling and

the persons were selected. The researchers stressed theinterviewee’s freedom to cancel the interview and guaranteed the confidential handling of the information. The diagnoses of mental disorders were obtained on the basis of the ICD-10 criteria. For the analysis of service use, the therapies were grouped into two categories, self care (home remedies, selfmedication, physical activities, etc.) and alternative and/or complementary services (self-help groups,...