Terminos en comercio internacional

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Terms on Forwarding, Shipping Forwarding, Customs Brokerage

Javier Arles Lopez Astaiza
International Logistics & Business Professor

Abandon:
A procedure where a shipper or consignee seeks authority to abandon all or parts of their cargo.
Abatement:
A discount allowed for damage or overcharge in the payment of an invoice/bill.
Abnormal/Out of Gauge:
Non-conforming cargo in relationwith International Standards Organisation (I.S.O.) container and so it protrudes over the sides or top of a container.
Absorption:
One carrier assumes the charges of another without affecting the shipper.
Acceptance:
An agreement to purchase goods under specified terms.
Accessorial Charges:
Charges applied to the base tariff rate or base contract rate, for example bunker adjustments, containerdelivery, currency, destination services.
Acquittance:
A full written receipt to discharge from all claims.
Acquittal:
Reconciliation of documents presented to Customs with those presented to Transport Operators to prove legitimacy of imports/exports.
Act of God:
An act beyond human control, such as lightning, flood or earthquake.
Ad Valorem: 
According to the value - An Ad Valorem freightrate is one where freight is based on the value of the goods. An Ad Valorem Bill of Lading is one where the value of the goods is shown on the face of the document, which value becomes the Carrier's limit of liability, in return for the payment of a freight surcharge
Address Commission:
A commission paid to charterers.
Advance:
To move cargo up line to a vessel leaving sooner than the onebooked.
Advanced Charge:
Transportation charge advanced by one carrier to another to be collected by the later carrier from the consignor or consignee.
Advance Freight:
Freight paid in advance and not recoverable if the carrier fails to deliver the goods at the destination, unless the loss was deliberate.
Advice of Shipment:  
A notice sent to a local or foreign buyer advising that shipment hasbeen forwarded and contains details of packing, routing, etc. .A copy of  the invoice is often enclosed and, if desired, a copy of the Bill of Lading.
Advising Bank:
A bank operating in the seller’s country, handling letters of credit on behalf of a foreign bank.
Affreightment:
A Contract for the carriage of goods by sea, expressed in a charter party, or by the terms and conditions of a Billof Lading.
Aggregate Shipment:
Numerous shipments from different shippers to one consignee that are consolidated and treated as a single consignment.
All In:
The total price to move cargo from origin to destination, inclusive of all charges.
Alongside:-
A phrase referring to the side of a ship. Goods delivered "alongside" are to be placed on the dock or barge within reach of the transportship's tackle so that they can be loaded.
Always Afloat:
Provision in the charter-party that the vessel must remain afloat at all times when loading and discharging.
Anti-Dumping Duty:
A tariff imposed to discourage sale of foreign goods, subsidized to sell at low prices detrimental to local manufacturers.
Apparent Good Order:
When freight appears to be free of damage so far as a generalsurvey can determine.
Appraisement:
Determination of the dutiable value of imported merchandise by a Customs official who follows procedures outlined in their country's tariff.
Arrival Notification:
Document issued to importers prior to the arrival of a vessel both for information and to enable the re-routing of cargo to be effected.
Assignment:
A term commonly used in connection with a Bill ofLading. It involves the transfer of rights, title and interest in order to assign goods by endorsing the Bill of Lading.
ATA Carnet:
Admission Temporaire-Temporary Admission; making customs clearance on certain temporary imports and exports easier.
Athens Convention:
International convention governing Carrier's liability for Passengers and their baggage.
Average:
Contribution to make good a...
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