Bryan Arthur Guarnuccio
A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate College of Bowling Green State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF MUSIC August 2006 Committee: Per Broman, Co-Advisor Nina Assimakopoulos, Co-Advisor Gene Trantham Andrew Pelletier
© 2006 Bryan Arthur Guarnuccio All RightsReserved
Per Broman, Co-Advisor Nina Assimakopoulos, Co-Advisor
In his book Classical Form: A Theory of Formal Functions for the Instrumental Music of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven, William Caplin codified phrase structure and defined formal function from the phrase level to that of complete movements in the Classical style. Matthew BaileyShea, though still in a tonalcontext, expanded these theories in relation to Wagner as well as further defining the principal phrase-unit in this work, the sentence. This document applies and expands these theories to the post-Impressionistic music of André Jolivet. Chant de Linos (1944) was written on the cusp Jolivet’s third compositional period making it a mature work to serve as a case study demonstrating sentence structurein a post-tonal environment. After a brief history of Jolivet, this document studies these theories in a tonal context. Additional examples expand outside Classical tonality. This thesis concludes that the components of the sentence (the basic idea, repetition, and continuation) do not require tonality at all. The content and contour of the melody may be equally, if not more important, than tonalcadences in determining phrase structure. This document studies the essential formal elements with respect to the melodic contour. In this post-impressionistic work, the harmonic cadential support specified by Caplin is not present. Therefore, other aspects of cadences, namely melodic pause, are given precedence in determining what constitutes each phrase.
The bulk of this thesis, adetailed phrase analysis, allows the reader to review the components of each phrase. Often, the reader is provided with several interpretations in regards to local and larger-scale units. This information enables the soloist to make performance decisions based upon these findings. Although a single, perfect interpretation does not exist, a background structure creates a solid departure for musicmaking. The performance suggestions in this text highlight the analytical findings in relation to phrase structure. Despite a lack of harmonic support in determining cadences, clear and balanced phrases are readily apparent and interpreted accordingly in Chant de Linos. The performer must then decide whether or not he wishes to underline the phrase structure and what musical tools will execute thedesired effect. I have provided a set of options to promote my analysis.
This thesis is dedicated to Adam DeGroot and Sarah Farmer, both of whom provided an ear for the various trials and tribulations involved with this work’s process and development.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I am taking this opportunity to recognize Dr. Per Broman for all of his time, support, and encouragement not onlythroughout the process of the thesis, but also for the coursework and other requirements for the degree. Without his initial exposure to the topic, this thesis would not have come into fruition. Miss Nina Assimakopoulos has also provided fundamental support throughout my studies at Bowling Green State University. Without her additional coaching time, the performance portion of this project would nothave yielded such favorable results. Many thanks to Dr. Gene Trantham for his kind words of encouragement with this project as well as providing helpful critique in all areas in which we have worked together. Dr. Andrew Pelletier, as well, has pushed and encouraged me to expand my potential as a musician. Additional thanks to the theory faculty for providing me with a base of knowledge to...