Tesis

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Modelling Adaptive Web Applications in OOWS
Doctoral Thesis

Gonzalo Eduardo Rojas Durán

Department of Information Systems and Computation Technical University of Valencia

Supervisors:

Prof. Dr. Vicente Pelechano Ferragud Prof. Dr. Óscar Pastor López
March 2008

Members of the Thesis Committee:
Prof. Dr. Antoni Granollers Saltiveri, University of Lleida, Spain Prof. Dra. ManuelaAlbert Albiol, Technical University of Valencia, Spain Prof. Dr. Francisco José García Peñalvo, University of Salamanca, Spain Prof. Dr. José Antonio Gallud Lázaro, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain Prof. Dr. Juan Carlos Casamayor Ródenas, Technical University of Valencia, Spain

Acknowledgments
I would like to acknowledge many people for helping me during my doctoral work. I wouldespecially like to thank my advisors, Vicente Pelechano and Oscar Pastor, for their assistance, generosity and commitment. Throughout these years, they encouraged me to develop independent thinking and research skills, along with giving me their valuable assistance in communicating the results of this thesis and in writing the final dissertation. I am very grateful for the generous time and advice Ireceived from Dr. Geert-Jan Houben and his staff at the Web & Information System Engineering (WISE) Laboratory, in Brussels, Belgium, and at the Architecture of Information Systems Group, in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. I extend many thanks to my colleagues and friends at the OO-Method Research Group, especially Pedro Valderas, Marta Ruiz and Isabel D´ for ıaz, sharing their expertise and friendshipwith me. I owe a special note of gratitude to all my friends at the Department of Information Systems and Computation, of the Technical University of Valencia, for all the great moments we had. Last, but very specially, I would like to thank my family, for all their support, kindness, care, and unconditional love, and my girlfriend Melissa, for her love, wisdom, patience and encouragement. Thisresearch would not have been possible without the financial support from the Government of Chile, through the “Gobierno de Chile - BID” Doctoral Scholarship, and from the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Concepci´n, Chile. o

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Contents
Acknowledgments Abstract Resumen Resum 1 Introduction 1.1 Motivation of the Thesis . . . 1.2 Problem Statement . . . . . . 1.3 Description of theproposal . . 1.3.1 Objectives of the thesis 1.4 Hypothesis of work . . . . . . 1.5 Research Methodology . . . . 1.6 Structure of the Dissertation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i xv xvii xix 1 3 7 9 10 13 14 15 19 19 20 22 23 24 27 30 33 34 35

2 State of the Art 2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Non-Personalized Interaction in the Web . . 2.3Adaptive Hypermedia Systems . . . . . . . . 2.3.1 Adaptive Web Applications . . . . . 2.3.2 The notion of Context . . . . . . . . 2.3.3 Adaptive Methods . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.4 Adaptive Techniques . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Adaptivity from a Model-Driven Perspective 2.4.1 WebML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.2 OO-HDM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii

iv 2.4.3 UWE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 2.4.4 WSDM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.5 OO-H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.6 Hera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Analysis of the State of the Art . . . . . . . . . . 2.5.1 User-related and Adaptivity Requirements 2.5.2 User Modelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5.3 Adaptivity Modelling . . . . . . . . . . . . Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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