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Is the second-largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state in the contiguous United States. The name, meaning "friends" or "allies" in Caddo, was applied by the Spanish tothe Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas.
Located in the South Central United States, Texas is bordered by Mexico to the south, New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to thenorth, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east. Texas has an area of 268,820 square miles (696,200 km2), and a growing population of 25.1 million residents.
Texas is nicknamed the LoneStar State to signify Texas as an independent republic and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas State Flag and on the TexasState Seal today.
Two of our most indelible symbols — the cattle ranch and the old Spanish missions — remind us that Texas, the land once known as Tejas, was first part of Spain, then part of Mexico, andthat the state’s Hispanic heritage continues to shape our culture.


Historically, Texas culture comes from a blend of Southwestern (Mexican), Southern (Dixie), and Western (frontier)influences. A popular food item, the breakfast burrito or tacos, draws from all three influences, is a fried tortilla that is rolled and stuffed with a mixture of seasoned meat, eggs, or cheese, andother ingredients such as onions and salsa.
Adding to Texas's traditional culture, established in the 18th and 19th centuries, immigration has made Texas a melting pot of cultures from around the world.MUSIC

Texas has long been a center for musical innovation. There is not a sound "Texas.”There is, rather, a shared musical spirit, characterized by the decision to innovate and take risks.Texans have pioneered musical development sin tejano music, mariachi, country music, electronic music, etc.
People around the world contributed to Texas, the music of their places of origin. Polka of...