One of the most spectacular features of the Industrial Revolution was the introduction of power-driven machinery in the textileindustries of England and Scotland. This took place between 1750 and 1800 and marked the beginning of the age of the modern factory.
Before theindustrialization of the textile industry, merchants purchased raw materials and distributed them among workers who lived in cottages on farms or in villages.
Beginningin the 1730s a number of inventors began to develop machines that took over one or more of the hand-knitting operations previously used in the productionof textiles.
John Kay invented the first flying shuttle in 1733. This machine consisted of a large frame to which was suspended a series of threads through which ashuttle carrying more thread could be passed. Over the next half century, other machines were developed that further mechanized the weaving of cloth. Theseincluded the spinning jenny, the water frame, the spinning mule, the power loom, and the cotton gin.
The development of new technology in the textile industryhad a ripple effect on society. As cloth and clothing became more readily available at more modest prices, the demand for such articles increased. Thisincrease in demand had the further effect, of course, of encouraging the expansion of business and the search for even more efficient forms of technology."Industrial Revolution - The Textile Industry." Web. 21 Sept. 2010. <http://science.jrank.org/pages/3571/Industrial-Revolution-textile-industry.html>.