The socialism is a socio-economic order based on the owned media production, controlling collective planned economy from the society as aninteger. In Chile the socialism was expressed from 1932 with Eugenio Matte Marmaduque Grove, Carlos Martinez, and Oscar Schnake, which created the Socialist Party (PS) in June 1933, however,to approximately be in 1970 with Salvador Allende, where it has its greatest height.
Near of the presidential election in 1970, the left opposition joined to organize the United Popular and appointed SalvadorAllende Gossens candidate. This led a campaign founded on a program that promised to nationalize all based industries, banks, and communications. Received not only near 37% of the votes, but also theunconditional support Congress versus his opponent of right, the former President Alessandri Allende was the first President elected under a Socialist program in a non-communist country.
ThisGovernment was supported by the people's unity (a group of left parties), he will find to establish an alternative to a socialist society - the "via Chilean socialism" - as projects of nationalization ofcopper, the political polarization in the middle of the cold war, and serious economic and financial crisis.
Salvador Allende was candidate to the Presidency Republic four times: in the 1952election obtained bad result; then 1958 obtain second relative majority after Jorge Alessandri; in 1964 won 38% of the vote, which not allowed him to overcome to Eduardo Frei Montalva;and, finally, in a strong conflict with three way, won the first plurality of 36.3%, being elected by the Congress. Under this way, was elected first Marxist president worldwide underdemocratically agreed to the power.
Camera deputies, opposing majority, adopted a new law dated August 23rd 1973 which accused the Government of Allende to incur in a permanent violations of the...