PhilosophyProf: Mary Crosland
When we talk about rationalism, we are referring to a branch of philosophy because through the rationalism we can find the knowledgeof life and give it meaning. The rationalism is when a person use his brain and the logical to know the truth about life, their beliefs are based in what has to be, I can say that the rationalism isa bit sceptic about some things like the religion, his bases are to think and the logical no senses only the brain.
A man important in the rationalism is Rene Descartes, he said that you can’t trustin your senses, for example sometimes when you are dreaming you feel and in the real life you also feel, so is difficult to know if we are dreaming or awake. He invented a phrase: “I think andtherefore I am “ and in latin is “Cogito ergo sum” , he got it because he realizes that the people always are doubting, we have a lot of questions about the life and when this questions has an answer(sometimes it can be resolved and sometimes not) through our life we can understand why we exist.
Rationalism also includes statements and arguments that supports the rationalism, I’m going to give thedefinitions:
* Trascendental statements, referred to the unconscious knowledge, also you can have beliefs, “I know something I didn’t”… One example of this can be the language.
* Analyticproposition, you can say this analytics propositions in any order and always is going to be the same definition.
* Deductive argument, this argument contains two promises and one guaranteed conclusion,it means that all the statements are true and rational.
* Inductive argument, this argument contains two or more promises and one probable conclusion, the promises are facts and the conclusion...