The real conditional

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THE "REAL" CONDITIONAL
Sentences in the present conditional have one part of the sentence which begins with "if" and contains a verb in the present tense and another part of the sentence in the future.  If the part of the sentence with "if" goes first, use a comma.  The present conditional also known as the "real" conditional because it is generally used with situations that are very likely(probable).  For example, in the sentence below, rain is a definite possibility. 
If it rains, I will use an umbrella.   Si llueva, usaré mi paraguas.
I will use an umbrella if it rains.   Usaré mi paraguas si llueva.
Practice
Write a sentence in the present conditional using the information provided.  Don't forget to use a comma if the part of the sentence with "if" goes first.  Although you canwrite present conditional sentences with contractions, for this exercise please write the sentences without contractions like the example.
example
If/we/drive/we/get there faster

If we drive, we will get there faster

If/she/call/we/pick her up

If she calls, we will pick her up.

They/buy a car/if/they/get the loan from the bank

They will buy a car if they get the loan from thebank.

If he gets here soon, we will start the project.

 If/he/get here soon/we/start the project

 He/take the medicine/if/the doctor/tell him to

He will take the medicine if his doctor tells him to.

THE "UNREAL" CONDITIONAL
Sentences in the "unreal" conditional have one part of the sentence that begins with the word "if" and contains a verb in what looks like the past tense and anotherpart of the sentence which contains the modal verb "would."  If the part of the sentence with "if" goes first, use a comma.  These sentences are known as "unreal" conditional because they contain conditions that are not likely (probable).  For example, in the sentence below, winning the lottery is not very likely. 
If I won the lottery, I would buy a new car.  Si ganara la lotería, compraré uncarro nuevo.
I would buy a new car if I won the lottery.  Compraré un carro nuevo si ganara la lotería.
As I mentioned before the verb in the part of the sentence beginning with "if" is put in what looks like past tense form.  The only exception is with the verb "to be."  It has traditionally been considered to be grammatically correct to use "were" even with the first person singular ("I") andthe third person singular (he/she/it).
If I were rich, I would travel around the world.  Si fuera rico, viajaría por todo el mundo.
Practice
Write a sentence in the "unreal" conditional using the information provided.  Don't forget to use a comma if the part of the sentence with "if" goes first.  Although you can write conditional sentences with contractions, for this exercise please write thesentences without contractions like the example.

Example

If/we/have/a private airplane/we/travel/around the world
If we had a private airplane, we would travel around the world.

 If/she/speak/English/she/get/a better job

If she spoke English, she would get a better job.

They/fly/to Mars/if/they/have/a spaceship

They would fly to Mars if they had a spaceship

If/I/be/a goodcook/I/cook/delicious meals every night

If I were a good cook, I would cook delicious meals every night.

I/study English at inglesmundial.com/if/I/have/a computer

I would study English at inglesmundial.com if I had a computer

 If/I/be/her mother/I/drive/her to school

If I were her mother, I would drive her to school.

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Instructions

Find the mistake in the followingsentences.  Write the sentence correctly.
Example
He are a student. He is a student
If she will study, she will pass the test. If she studies, she will pass the test.

I wold be careful if I were you. I would be careful if I were you

If I have a a lot of money, I'd travel If I had a lot of money, I'd travel.

I carged the new blouse to my credit card. I charged the new blouse to my credit...
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