The skeletal system

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THE SKELETAL SYSTEM



What is the Skeletal System?



Your Skeletal system is all of the bones in the body and the tissues such as tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connect them.

Yourteeth are also considered part of your skeletal system but they are not counted as bones. Your teeth are made of enamel and dentin. Enamel is the strongest substance in your body.



How does theSkeletal System help us?



Support

The main job of the skeleton is to provide support for our body. Without your skeleton your body would collapse into a heap. Your skeleton is strong butlight. Without bones you'd be just a puddle of skin and guts on the floor.



Protection

Your skeleton also helps protect your internal organs and fragile body tissues. The brain, eyes, heart,lungs and spinal cord are all protected by your skeleton. Your cranium (skull) protects your brain and eyes, the ribs protect your heart and lungs and your vertebrae (spine, backbones) protect yourspinal cord.



Movement

Bones provide the structure for muscles to attach so that our bodies are able to move. Tendons are tough inelastic bands that hold attaches muscle to bone.

A typical bonehas an outer layer of hard or compact bone, which is very strong, dense and tough. Inside this is a layer of spongy bone, which is like honeycomb, lighter and slightly flexible. In the middle of somebones is jelly-like bone marrow, where new cells are constantly being produced for the blood. Calcium is an important mineral that bone cells need to stay strong so keep drinking that low-fat milk!How do I keep my bones healthy?



Bones need regular exercise to stay as strong as possible. Walking, jogging, running and other physical activities are important in keeping your bones strongand healthy. Riding your bike, basketball, soccer, gymnastics, baseball, dancing, skateboarding and other activities are all good for your bones. Make sure you wear or use the proper equipment like a...
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