Thomas Stearns Eliot, known as T. S. Eliot (St. Louis, Missouri, September 26, 1888 - London, January 4, 1965) was a poet, playwright and Anglo-American literary critic.Represented one of the summits of poetry in English of the twentieth century. In 1948 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature "for his outstanding and pioneering contribution to modern poetry" .Eliot was born in the United States and moved to the UK in 1914, aged 25. He became a British citizen in 1927, with 39.About your nationality and the role of this in his work, said: "[My poetry] would not have been the same if you were born in England, nor had he remained in America. It is a combination of things. But in its sources, its emotional currents comes from the United States.
Born in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, September 26, 1888. His father, Henry Ware Eliot, was a prominent businessman, president and treasurer of the Hydraulic-Press Brick Company in that city. His mother, Charlotte Champe Stearns, had literary tastes, reaching to publish a book.
Smith studied at the Academy of St. Louis from 1898 to 1905.Soon excels in all subjects, from Latin to physics.In 1906 he entered Harvard University where he studied Greek, English literature, German, medieval history and art history.
Magazine publishes poetry in college, being interested in the French symbolist poets (Rimbaud, Verlaine, Corbière, Laforgue, etc.).. Under this influence, moved to Paris in 1909, where he attended classes of Henri Bergson and Alain-Fournier. He also studied in depth toDante and John Donne, English metaphysical poet. In his 1961 essay criticize the critic, declared:
I have written, yes, on Baudelaire, Jules Laforgue but not, to whom I owe more than any other poet in any language, or on Tristan Corbière, which also owe something There is, however, a poet who made a deep impression when I was twenty-two a poet who is still comforting and awe of my present age thepoet I mean is Dante.
Later he traveled to Munich and Italy. In 1911 he returned to Harvard and a doctorate in philosophy with a thesis on F. H.Bradley and his "knowledge and experience." Throughout college, Eliot studied with George Santayana, Irving Babbitt, Henri Bergson, C. R. Lanman, Josiah Royce, Bertrand Russell and Harold Joachim. Also favors the Hindu philosophy and philology and Buddhism,for which purpose he studied Sanskrit and Pali.
At Harvard he was appointed assistant professor of philosophy. Meet Bertrand Russell, who has come as a visitor to the university, and he considers it his best student. Up a scholarship to the University of Marburg (Germany), but before the start of the war, fled the country, moving to London, where he met Ezra Pound, he inserts it into the Englishliterary world.In those years working relationship with Virginia Woolf and also her husband, the novelist James Joyce, who confesses to admire.
In 1915 she teaches French, German and history at a college, but soon abandons it's not going with him teaching. Married Vivien Haigh-Wood, who years later will suffer a mental illness.In 1930 they separated for good. On this sad chapter in the life ofboth the movie filmed in 1994, Tom & Viv, director Brian Gilbert, starring Willem Dafoe and Miranda Richardson. Like his wife, over the years, various nervous disorders suffer Eliot .Do not marry again until many years later.
In 1917 Eliot began working at the bank Lloyd's of London, where he remained several years. Regular contributor to The Egoist magazine founded by DoraMarsden. Also work in the editorial Faber and Gwyer, later Faber and Faber, firm which became manager.
That same year saw his first major poem, The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock. The play, probably the most quoted Eliot, evidence and intense experimental vocation of the author. It is structured as dramatic monologue, in the manner of Robert Browning, using the technique of interior monologue or...