[VERB] + s/es in third person
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, ascheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
• You speak English.
• Do you speak English?
• You donot speak English.
[VERB+ed] or irregular verbs
Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes,the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.
• You called Debbie.
• Did you call Debbie?
• You did not call Debbie.Present Continuous
[am/is/are + present participle]
Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can alsobe used to show that something is not happening now.
• You are watching TV.
• Are you watching TV?
• You are not watching TV.
[was/were + presentparticiple]
Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a realinterruption or just an interruption in time.
• You were studying when she called.
• Were you studying when she called?
• You were not studying when she called.
[has/have + past participle]
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use thePresent Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present...
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