GUILLERMO HUILA OSPINA
JEFFERSON HINESTROZA VALENCIA
UNIVERSIDAD DEL PACIFICO
MAYO 14 DE 2010
Use of Passive
Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.
Example: My bike was stolen.
In theexample above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.
Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:
Example: A mistake was made.
In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake.).
Form of Passive
Subject + finite form of to be +Past Participle (3rd column of irregular verbs)
Example: A letter was written.
When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:
• the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
• the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)
• the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)|MODELO DE VERBO EN VOZ PASIVA |
|TO BE SEEN = SER VISTO |
|I am seen, soy visto |I was seen, fui visto |
|you are seen, eres visto |you were seen, fuiste visto |
|he is seen, es visto |he was seen, fue visto|
|we are seen, somos vistos |we were seen, fuimos vistos |
|you are seen, sois vistos |you were seen, fuisteis vistos |
|they are seen, son vistos |they were seen,fueron vistos |
| | |
|PRETERITO PERFECTO |FUTURO |
|I have been seen, he sido visto |Ishall be seen, seré visto |
|you have been seen, has sido visto |you will be seen, serás visto |
|he has been seen, ha sido visto |he will be seen, será visto |
|we have been seen, hemos sido vistos|we shall be seen, seremos vistos |
|you have been seen, habéis sido vistos |you will be seen, seréis vistos |
|they have been seen, han sido vistos |they will be seen, serán vistos |
|PRETERITO PLUSCUAMPERFECTO: |
|I had been seen, había sido visto |
|CONDICIONAL: I should be seen, sería visto |
|FUTURO PERFECTO: I shall have...