PRINCIPLES OF RISK ASSESSMENT
• Principals of risk assessment• Accidents, definition, statistics
• Risk assessment process
• The legal framework .
• Legal requirements
RISK ASSESSMENT IN PRACTICE
• System overview and evaluation
• Hazards and risk identification
• Controls in place
• Law requirements
• Corrective actions
• Action plan
Principles of risk assessment
A risk assessment is a careful examination of anything that may cause harm to you or to others during the course of your work. Once this is done you will be able to decide upon the most appropriate action to take tominimize the like hood of anyone being hurt. The aim is to prevent accident and illness. It is carried out by identifying risk and using appropriate control measures to minimize or eliminate the risk.
Regular risk assessments must be carried under health and safety law, whether you are a big business, a small business or just a one person operation. The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 andrelated regulations contain much of the law concerning safety in the work place. Breaches may lead to criminal prosecution whether or an injury is caused.
The benefits of conducting risks assessments are as follows:
Helps minimize the possibility of your business harming the environment or those who work in, or visit, your business
Prevents costs, those associated with accidents,illness and injuries and costs of claims for compensation and criminal law sanctions
Increases quality standards, efficiency and productivity
Helps to prevent the damage to products, materials, property and equipment
Improved targeting of resources
Risks assessments are useful means of highlighting specific training needs and helping to define the competencies required for the safetasks.
Many factors affect the health and safety of people at work mainly occupational related to a specific job (electric shocks for an electrician,) environmental (lighting, noise, fumes, heat) and human (inexperience, carelessness, lack of training…). A combined risk assessment and training programme can greatly assist in reducing the level of risk to an acceptable level.
Occupational healthand safety are the control measures that are necessary to control the risks to the health and safety of who might be affected by the activities of people at work.
Employers, manufactures, designers, suppliers, persons in control of workplaces and persons who install plant and equipment must ensure:
Safe property : Premises, safe plant and equipment, materials and substances
Safesystems of work: Work practices, manufacturing processes, standard operating procedures and administration procedures
Safe people: Providing suitable information, instruction, training and supervision
A properly conducted risk assessment helps minimize the possibility of a business harming the environment or those who work or visit the business
Conducting regular riskassessments may cost more in the short term as you spend money to improve conditions but you will protect yourself from the risk of fines or being sued by an employee or member of the public.
1.2 Accident definition and statistics
We understand by accident an unplanned and uncontrolled event leading to injury, ill health, death, damage or other loss. The accident triangle is the accident...