Tutorial gui de matlab

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  • Publicado : 22 de noviembre de 2010
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Notes on Usage
About the GUIs / Motivation
The GUIs are arraigned in approximate order of complexity, but do not follow a definite progression. The first few are VERY basic, and are intended to demonstrate the first few questions a new GUI writer might have. As such, the more advanced reader may think them repetitive. To a certain extent, the point is granted. There are many overlappingconcepts in different GUIs and this is intentional, if not unavoidable. However, I believe that anyone working their way through each and every example until it is fully grasped should have little trouble tackling a more involved project later. Even if a particular question is not described here, the skills acquired through such an endeavor should be enough to give an idea of how to approach a particularneed, or the right questions to ask in searching for the solution. Some of the GUIs have suggested exercises in the help section. Thus, as intimated above, the GUI files may serve to not only answer specific questions, but as a tool to learn more about making GUIs in MATLAB. I would be interested in seeing how people implemented these suggested exercises, and suggestions for more exercises. Manyof the examples and questions within are inspired directly by questions asked, sometimes repeatedly, on the MATLAB newsgroup. I will be on the lookout for more questions and examples to add to the list in the future. If you feel there is some common (even not-so-common!) question which is missing here, please let me know through email. I would be happy to add it to the list and/or make anotherGUI!

Data Sharing/Storage in GUIs
There are many approaches to the problem of storing and passing data between elements of a GUI and other workspaces. Among the approaches I have used in the past are: global variables, storage in userdata properties, storage/retrieval with get/setappdata and guidata. In the GUI examples that follow, none of these approaches are used. Instead the method used willbe the one I currently use in my professional capacity. This is the method I have come to prefer for reasons not elaborated here. As the GUI examples are arraigned roughly in order of complexity, anyone with modest MATLAB skills should be able to distinguish this technique quite easily; thus I will not discuss the method in detail here. The matter is addressed only as a way to introduce the notionthat whatever method one prefers, the examples furnished here are easily adaptable to individual styles. I would be happy to discuss any questions in this regard through email.

Syntax Considerations
All of the handles to the various objects created in each GUI, as well as data needed to run the GUI, are stored in a main structure called S. The fieldnames for handles are in lower case letters,and the fieldnames for data are in uppercase letters. Callback function names are designated with the fieldname of the object to which they correspond, followed by '_call.' Other function names are similarly designated. For instance, a keypressfcn will end in '_kpfcn' and a buttondownfcn will end in '_bdfcn.' The code of each GUI is generously commented, and subtle points may be examined in thecomments (see for example the last comment block in GUI_37). If anything seems unclear, look first in the comments, and if satisfaction is not found there feel free to email me.

A Final Note
I am especially interested in feedback from those who use these files to learn how to make GUIs without GUIDE. If that has been your purpose, and you have read the files and done some of the exercises,please provide feedback on your experience. I especially want to know if anything could be clearer, or if there are pieces of the GUI puzzle which could be better presented. Do not hesitate to contact me with questions about the exercises or any other aspect of the code. Also included is a helper function called previewGUIs which allows the user to quickly run through all examples in this collection...
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