Types of pronouns

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tipos de pronombres (inglesnouns

Personal pronouns
In order to use personal pronouns, it is important to know about case (subject, object, and possessive), number (singular and plural), person (first, second, and third), and gender (male, female and neutral). 

Subject Pronouns: I, you, she, he, it, we, they are used as a subject or predicate noun.
 She is a teacher.
 It was he whosaid that.

Object Pronouns: me, you, him, her, them, us, it are used as an indirect object, direct object, or object of a preposition.
 She baked him a pie.
 I can hardly see it.
 They are going with us.

Possessive Pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, theirs, ours, its take the place of possessive nouns.
 If this isn’t ours, it must be theirs.
 Yours is much better then mine.Tables below show the breakdown of the English personal pronouns 
along the four dimensions of case, person, number, and gender.
Singular | Subjective/Nominative | Objective | Possessive |
| Male | Female | Neutral | Male | Female | Neutral | Male | Female | Neutral |
First Person | I | me | mine |
Second Person | you | you | yours |
Third Person | he | she | it | him | her | it | his |hers | its |

Plural | Subjective/Nominative | Objective | Possessive |
| Male | Female | Neutral | Male | Female | Neutral | Male | Female | Neutral |
First Person | we | us | ours |
Second Person | you | you | yours |
Third Person | they | them | theirs |

Case and personal pronouns
Always use nominative case pronoun if pronoun is a part of the subject.
In the following example thepronoun is a part of the subject so subject pronoun should be used.
 My sister and me went to the movie.       (Incorrect)
 My sister and I went to the movie.       (Correct) 

Always use objective case pronoun if pronoun is part of the object.
In the following example the pronoun is a direct object so object pronoun should be used.
 My sister took a picture of him and I.      (Incorrect)
 My sister took a picture of him and me.       (Correct) 

Person and personal pronouns :)
Personal pronouns are called personal because they indicate a person speaking, spoken to, or spoken about. Personal pronoun refers to a specific individual(singular) or a group(plural). 
 I saw you when she talked to them. 

The pronoun I refers to the person speaking. 
The pronoun you refersto the person spoken to. 
The pronoun she and them refer to persons spoken about. 

Number and personal pronouns
The number shows whether the pronoun refers to a single person or thing or more than one person or things. It tells what verb to use – singular or plural.
 He is late.      using singular form of the verb to be - is
 We are late.      using plural form of the verb to be -are 

Remember that pronoun you, whether it is plural or singular, always takes a plural form of the verb to be.
Correct | Incorrect |
You are late. | You is late. |
You were tired. | You was tired. |

Gender and Personal pronouns 
Some of the personal pronouns have gender, which means that they are masculine (male), feminine (female) or neuter (neither male or female). Knowing the genderof antecedent, we can choose a pronoun with matching gender.
 Alex is my brother. I like him.
 This is Nancy. She is ten.
 This is my watch. Give it to me.
Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns point out a specific persons, animals, places, things or ideas. 
List of Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, those 
 That is his book.
 I want toexchange this for that and these for those.
 This is an excellent question.
Intensive Pronouns
Intensive pronouns (also called emphatic) end with self or selves and emphasize (intensify) a noun or another pronoun. 
They make you notice the nouns and pronouns they go with. 
 Instructor himself ordered this product. 
In that sentence, the pronoun is himself and it goes with the noun Instructor.
 We did all...
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