Many definitions of terrorism restrict it to acts by non-state actors.
But it can also be argued that states can, and have, been terrorists. States can use forceor the threat of force, without declaring war, to terrorize citizens and achieve a political goal. Germany under Nazi rule has been described in this way.
Bioterrorism refers to theintentional release of toxic biological agents to harm and terrorize civilians, in the name of a political or other cause. The U.S. Center for Disease Control has classified the viruses, bacteria andtoxins that could be used in an attack. Category A Biological Diseases are those most likely to do the most damage. They include:
* The Plague
* Hemorrahagic fever
Cyberterrorists use information technology to attack civilians and draw attention to their cause. This may mean that they use informationtechnology, such as computer systems or telecommunications, as a tool to orchestrate a traditional attack. More often, cyberterrorism refers to an attack on information technology itself in a way that wouldradically disrupt networked services.
Ecoterrorism is a recently coined term describing violence in the interests of environmentalism. In general, environmental extremists sabotageproperty to inflict economic damage on industries or actors they see as harming animals or the natural environment.
"Nuclear terrorism" refers to a number of different ways nuclearmaterials might be exploited as a terrorist tactic. These include attacking nuclear facilities, purchasing nuclear weapons, or building nuclear weapons or otherwise finding ways to disperse radioactivematerials.
Narcoterrorism has had several meanings since its coining in 1983. It once denoted violence used by drug traffickers to influence governments or prevent government efforts to...