Unnacusative unergative

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Unaccusative_ Subject no controlled the action of the verb (ex. cry)- there sentences- causative alternation sentences- resultative phrases.

Unergative_ Controll the event- External verb- Notfollowed by resultative phrase- Not allowed locative inversion
Unergative verbs + directional word ( apart) = unaccusative verb
Unaccusative verbs

1. Inchoative verbs: melt, freeze, evaporate,redden, yellow, rot, decompose, germinate, sprout, bud, wilt, wither, increase, decrease, blush, explode, die, perish, choke, suffocate, open, close, scatter, disperse, fill, vanish, disappear.

2. Verbsof existence: exist, occur, happen, take place, result

3. Aspectual predicates: begin, commence, start, stop, cease, continue, end, resume, halt, proceed, terminate

4. Verbs that denote„non-voluntary emission of stimuli that impinge on sense”): shine, sparkle, glitter, glisten, glow, jingle, clink, clang, snap, crackle, pop, smell, stink

5. Other verbs that denote non-volitional acts:burn, fall, drop, sink, slide, slip, glide, soar, flow, ooze, seep, trickle, drip, gush, hang, dangle, sway, wave, tremble, shake, languish, flourish, thrive, drown, stumble, trip, roll, dry, boil,seethe, bend (involuntary)

Unergative predicates

1. Predicates that involve volitional acts: work, play, speak, talk, smile, grin, frown, grimace, think, meditate, daydream, skate, ski, swim, hunt,bicycle, walk, skip, jog, fight, wrestle, box, agree, disagree, knock, bang, hammer, weep, cry, laugh, dance

2. Manner of speaking verbs: whisper, shout, mumble, grumble, growl, bellow

3. Verbsthat denote sounds animals make: bark, neigh, quack, roar, chirp, oink

4. Verbs that denote involuntary body processes: cough, sneeze, belch, burp, vomit, sleep, cry, weep

Resultative phrasesQ: Wait a sec, what is a resultative phrase?

A: An AP or PP that denotes the final state in which the direct object of a predicate may find itself.

The locative inversion

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