Uses of passive voice

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Use of Passive
Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.
Example: My bike was stolen.
In the exampleabove, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.
Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:Example: A mistake was made.
In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake.).
Form of Passive
Subject + finite form of to be + PastParticiple (3rd column of irregular verbs)
Example: A letter was written.
When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:
* the object of the active sentence becomes thesubject of the passive sentence
* the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)
* the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)Examples of Passive 
Tense | Subject | Verb | Object |
Simple Present | Active: | Rita | writes | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | is written | by Rita. |
Simple Past | Active: | Rita |wrote | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | was written | by Rita. |
Present Perfect | Active: | Rita | has written | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | has been written | by Rita. |
FutureI | Active: | Rita | will write | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | will be written | by Rita. |
Hilfsverben | Active: | Rita | can write | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | can be written| by Rita. |
Examples of Passive 
Tense | Subject | Verb | Object |
Present Progressive | Active: | Rita | is writing | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | is being written | by Rita. |Past Progressive | Active: | Rita | was writing | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | was being written | by Rita. |
Past Perfect | Active: | Rita | had written | a letter. |
| Passive: | A...
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