Uso y aplicación del presente perfecto en inglés

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Uso del presente perfecto |

subject + have / has + 3 | 1 | 2 | 3 |
| go | went | gone |

|

Affirmative | Negative | Interrogative |
I have gone | I haven't gone | Have I gone ? |You have gone | You haven't gone | Have you gone ? |
He has gone | He hasn't gone | Has he gone ? |
She has gone | She hasn't gone | Has she gone ? |
It has gone | It hasn't gone | Has it gone? |
We have gone | We haven't gone | Have we gone ? |
You have gone | You haven't gone | Have you gone ? |
They have gone | They haven't gone | Have they gone ? |

|

Affirmative |subject + have / has + 3 |
I have gone to New York - He ido a New York |
He has gone to New York - El ha ido a New York |
Negative | subject + haven't / hasn't + 3 |
I haven't gone to New York - Nohe ido a New York |
He hasn't gone to New York - El no ha ido a New York |
Interrogative | Have / Has + subject + 3 ? |
Have I gone to New York? - ¿He ido a New York ? |
Has he gone to NewYork? - ¿Ha ido él a New York? |

usos del presente perfecto simple
Por regla general, se lo utiliza para describir acciones que empezaron en el pasado
y que aún no han finalizado o que guardanalguna relación con el presente. |

Con el adverbio just: acciones que acaban de ocurrir. |
The President has just arrived from the US. El Presidente acaba de llegar desde EEUU.
They both havejust left for Bogota. Ambos acaban de partir para Bogotá. |
Con las preposiciones for y since. |
We have lived in Italy for three years. Hemos vivido en Italia durante tres años.
I haven't heardfrom you since 1990!! ¡¡No he tenido noticias tuyas desde 1990!! |
Con los adverbios yet y already. |
They haven't taken the Basic Exam yet. No han rendido el Examen Básico aún.
I have alreadytaken the Intermediate Exam. Ya he rendido el Examen Intermedio. |
Con el grado superlativo de un adjetivo. |
OM Smiles has always been one of the funniest sections in OM Personal.
OM Smiles ha...
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