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"Hanging Gardens of Babylon”
Expositor A

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one of the Wondersthat may have been purely legendary. They were purportedly built in the ancient city-state of Babylon, near present-day Al Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq. TheHanging Gardens were not the only World Wonder in Babylon; the city walls and obelisk attributed to Queen Semiramis were also featured in ancient lists of Wonders.Expositor B

The gardens were attributed to the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II, who ruled between 605 and 562 BC. He is reported to have constructed thegardens to please his homesick wife Amytis of Media, who longed for the plants of her homeland. The gardens were said to have been destroyed by several earthquakesafter the 2nd century BC. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are documented by ancient Greek and Roman writers, including Strabo, DiodorusSiculus and Quintus CurtiusRufus. However, no cuneiform texts describing the Hanging Gardens are extant, and no definitive archaeological evidence concerning its whereabouts has been found.Expositor C

Ancient writers describe the possible use of something similar to an Archimedes screw as a process of irrigating the terraced gardens. Estimatesbased on descriptions of the gardens in ancient sources say the Hanging Gardens would have required a minimum amount of 8,200 gallons (37,000 liters) of water perday. Nebuchadnezzar II is reported to have used massive slabs of stone, a technique not otherwise attested in Babylon, to prevent the water from eroding the ground
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