1. With the gerund.
The ING form is used:
* After certain verbs: He admitted stealing the money.
* After prepositions, prepositional verbs and phrasal verbs: After leavingschool he joined the army; she apologized for arriving late; I ve given up smoking at last.
2. With the infinitive.
Verb+ infinitive+ to:
* After certain verbs: He asked to do it.
*After certain verbs+ object: They asked him to do it.
Verb+ infinitive without to: They made do it.
3. Verb+ that+ clause.
In some of the above examples, a that clause can be used after the mainverb in place of gerund or infinitive. There is no change in meaning. That itself can be omitted: She admitted (that) she had made a mistake.
4. Verb+-ing or to with little or no change ofmeaning.
The verbs begin, start and continue can take either –ing or to and mean the same: It (started, began, continued) to rain (raining).
5. Verbs+ -ing or to with a change of meaning.
* Afterthe verbs remember, forget and regret, the gerund refers to an action earlier in time than the main verb; the infinitive refers to an action at the same time or later: I remember giving her messagewhen I saw her. Please remember to give her the message when you see her.
* After the verb stop and the phrasal verb go on, the gerund refers to an existing action; the infinitive refers to afollowing action: He went on repeating the question. He went on to say that he wanted my advice.
* After verbs of the senses see, hear, etc. + object the gerund signifies an action in progress; theinfinitive a completed action: We saw him cutting the hedge. We saw him cut the hedge.
6. Perfect and passive forms.
The gerund and infinitive also have perfect and passive forms: I don’t rememberhaving said that. She suffered from having had a difficult childhood.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs.
drive eat help make talk write