Verbs irregulars

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IRREGULAR VERBS
Category 1: irregular ending with no vowel change, V2=V3

group 1: d ending changes to t, ent changes to end |
bend | bent | bent |
build | build | built |
lend |lent | lent |
send | sent | sent |
spend | spent | spent |

group 2: the verbs have and make |
have \ has | had | had |
make | made | made |
 
group 3: regular (V2, V3) in USEnglish, irregular in UK English |
learn | learned \ learnt | learned \ learnt |
burn | burned \ burnt | burned \ burnt |
dwell | dwelled \ dwelt | dwelled \ dwelt |
smell | smelled\ smelt | smelled \ smelt |
spell | spelled \ spelt | spelled \ spelt |
spill | spilled \ spilt | spilled \ spilt |
spoil | spoiled \ spoilt | spoiled \ spoilt |

group 4: ayending changes to aid
*said is pronounced /sed/ |
lay
(the table,
clothes, eggs) | laid | laid |
pay | paid | paid |
say | *said
(/sed/) | *said |
 
Category 2: Vowel change, irregularending, V2=V3

group 5: vowel change , d or t ending |
creep | crept | crept |
feed | fed | fed |
feel | felt | felt |
keep | kept | kept |
kneel | knelt \ kneeled | knelt \kneeled |
meet | met | met |
sleep | slept | slept |
sweep | swept | swept |
weep | wept | wept |
*l eave | left | left |
 
 
group 6: different pronunciation of the same voweld or t ending |
deal | dealt | dealt |
dream | dreamed \ dreamt | dreamed \ dreamt |
lean | leaned \ leant | leaned \ leant |
leap | leapt | leapt |
mean | meant | meant |
read | read(/red/) | read (/red/) |
hear | heared | heared |

group 7: ell turns to old |
sell | sold | sold |
tell | told | told |
 
group 8: vowel change with ought (or *aught) ending
d or tending |
bring | brought | brought |
buy | bought | bought |
fight | fought | fought |
seek | sought | sought |
think | thought | thought |
*catch | c aught | c aught |...
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