Verbs

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Quiz of Spelling Rules of Verbs
1- How many types of Lexical Verbs are there?
We consider Lexical Verbs under two head “regular” and “irregular”.

2- Which forms are predictable from the base inboth regular and irregular verbs?
In both, Regular and Irregular, the ”-s form” and “-ing participle” are predictable from the base form.

3- Which forms cannot be predicted from the base inirregular verbs?
The –ed1 and –ed2 forms cannot be predicted from the base in Irregular Verbs.

4- What does “straightforward addition” means?
Iojtoihj

5- How many spellings does the –s form have?The “-s form has two spellings “-s” and “-es”:
Eg : call – calls
Catch – catches

6- How many phonological realizations does the –s form have?
The “-s form” has three phonologicalrealizations:
 /Iz/ eg, buzz – buzzes
 /z/ eg,
 /s/

7- How do you spell the –ed form?
The “-ed form” spell –ed unless the base ends in “-e”.

8- How many phonological realizations does the –ed formhave?
It has three phonological realizations:
 /id/ after bases ending in /d/ and /t/ eg
 /d/ after bases ending in voiced sounds other than /d/ eg
 /t/ after bases ending in voiceless /t/ eg9- When does the doubling of consonant take place?
The doubling of consonants take place when:
 Before inflections beginning with a vowel letter when the preceding vowel es stressed and spelledwith a single letter:
Eg: bar _ barring _ barred
 Bases ending in certain consonants are doubled also after single unstressed vowels:
Eg: -g, -gg humbug _ humbugging _ humbugged
-c, -cktraffic _ trafficking _trafficked

10- When isn`t there doubling? What are the two exceptions to the rule?
There isn`t doubling of consonants when:
 The vowel is unstressed or written with twoletters:
Eg: enter _ entering _ entered

 Bre breaks the rules with respect to certain other consonants also: -l, -ll, -m, -mm, -p, -pp.
Eg: Bre: signal _ signalling _ signalled travel _...