Vocabulario Para Competencias

Use of will Future
• a spontaneous decision
example: Wait, I will help you.

• an opinion, hope, uncertainty or assumption regarding the future
example: He will probably come back tomorrow.

• a promise
example: I will not watch TV tonight.

• an action in the future that cannot be influenced
example: It will rain tomorrow.

• conditional clauses type I
example: If Iarrive late, I will call you.


Use of going to Future
• an action in the near future that has already been planned or prepared
example: I am going to study harder next year.

• a conclusion regarding the immediate future
example: The sky is absolutely dark. It is going to rain.


Structure (Estructura)

|Afirmativo |Forma corta|Negativo |Forma corta |
|I will |I'll |I will not |I won't (I'll not) |
|You will |You'll |You will not |You won't(you'll not) |
|He will |He'll |He will not |He won't (He'll not) |
|She will |She'll |She will not |She won't (She'll not) ||It will |It'll |It will not |It won't (It'll not) |
|We will |We'll |We will not |We won't (We'll not) |
|They will |They'll|They will not |They won't (They'll not) |


Nota: Existen una forma corta del verbo auxiliar "will".
1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)
Estructura Sujeto + "will" + verbo principal.
o Ejemplos:
o I will [I'll] ring (call) you tonight. (Te llamaré esta noche.)
oShe will [She'll] arrive late. (Llegará tarde.)
o They will [They'll] be happy to see you. (Estarán felices de verte.)
2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)
Estructura Sujeto + "will" + "not" + verbo principal.
o Ejemplos:
o I will not [won't] ring (call) you tonight. (No te llamaré esta noche.)
o She will not [won't] arrive late. (No llegarátarde.)
o They will not [won't] be happy to see you. (No estarán felices de verte.)
3. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)
Estructura"Will" + sujeto + verbo principal.
o Ejemplos:
o Will you ring (call) me tonight? (¿Me llamarás esta noche?)
o Will she arrive late? (¿Llegará tarde?)
o Will they be happy to see you? (¿Estaránfelices de verte.)

Future: "Going to"

"Going to" se equivale a "ir a" en español.

Structure (Estructura)

1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)
Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + "going to" + verbo principal.
o Ejemplos:
o I'm going to ring (call) you tonight. (Voy a llamarte esta noche.)
o She's going to arrive late. (Va allegar tarde.)
o They're going to be happy to see you. (Van a estar felices de verte.)
2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)
Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + "not" + "going to" + verbo principal.
o Ejemplos:
o I'm not going to ring (call) you tonight. (No voy a llamarte esta noche.)
o She's not going to arrive late. (No va a llegar...
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