Topic: Neutralizing Waterborne Diseases
Director: Héctor Carpizo García
Moderator: Karelly Ramirez Gonzalez
Sub-Director: Arturo Gonzalez
I. Committee Background
WHO stands for World Health Organization and it’s the authority for health within the United Nations system. Its objective is “The attainment by all people of the highest possible levelof health”. The World Health Organization committee is responsible for providing leadership on a global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, settings norms and standards, providing technical supports to countries that need it. They coordinate international efforts to monitor outbreaks of infectious diseases. It sponsors programs to prevent and treat different illnesses around theglobe. The World Health Organization is also responsible to find ways to eradicate diseases like small pox that has been the first eradicated virus by human effort. They have several studies and campaigns going on at the same time creating awareness in people and educating them about the current issues going on in different countries. Giving advice and information about how are the situations goingto be controlled with or how to deal with them. With the help of the promotion of various information. The World Health Organization committee is finding new ways to promote and try to eradicate new or old diseases that are causing a a big impact on countries that are poor or rich no matter where they are located.
II. Topic Information
Waterborne diseases are known for easy to spreadvirus as due to bad sanitation and contaminated water or food. This type of disease is spread widely among the world mainly in countries that do not have sufficient clean water and enough health care. Waterborne diseases can be also transmitted due to the polluted water they drink, take baths with or are in touch with. Waterborne diseases re divided into many complex categories such as hepatitis,cholera, dysentery, etc. This issue is affecting people worldwide since some of the people do not enough money or medical care to continue with a further treatment. Current conflicts and wars have made this problem worse since the sanitation in the countries is left as a minor priority. The symptom for each specific virus varies, but overall the main symptoms are; diarrhea, abdominal pain discomfortbloating, fatigue and loss of appetite. Not only are this viruses becoming stronger because of the high temperatures, but their having major outbreaks since about 425 million children under 18 years of age have no access to clean water. Current natural disasters have made countries more vulnerable to infection. These outbreaks are a reason to be aware of the sanitation provided in each country.A) History of Topic
Waterborne diseases have been present throughout time because of bad sanitation. Before, waterborne diseases were the cause of the most deaths of people per year or big problematic epidemics. For example, the typhoid fever epidemic, in 2004-05 there were about 42,000 cases of typhoid fever in Democratic Republic Congo and 214 deaths- But even earlier in 424-430 BC inAthens, this type of waterborne disease managed to kill over one third of the population. Cholera, another type of waterborne disease has been going around since long ago and has yet managed to have 7 epidemical periods. The first happened in Bengal and spread across over to China, Russia, India, Indonesia and the Caspian Sea. The last pandemic was in 1970 in Indonesia and that reached Bangladesh andIndia. Just last year in January, an outbreak was reported in South Africa with 381 cases of cholera and 19 people have died so far since the outbreak. Despite the advance of medicine they did not mean that the disease would stop; it is still present. People specially kids that do not have access to clean water to cook, shower, drink, etc., can easily get the bacteria that is in the polluted...