COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE
There are five rules to form the comparative and superlative of the adjectives in English. They are the following:
RULE 1: The comparative and superlative of the adjectives of a sylalable form add the termination -er and -est at the end of the adjective:
cold >> colder >> coldest
RULE 2: The adjectives that finish with vowel followed of aconsonant duplicates the consonant final before adding the termination -er or -est:
hot >> hotter >> hottest
RULE 3: The adjectives of two syllables that finish in y-and change the and by i and recently then add the termination -er or -est:
noisy >> noisier >> noisiest
RULE 4: In case of adjectives of two or more syllables (except those finished in-and) the comparative and superlative form with more and most:
beautiful >> more beautiful >> most beautiful
RULE 5: Remember that the comparative and superlative "irregular" change totally.
There are some:
good >> better >> best
bad >> worse >> worst
far >> farther / further >> farthest / furthestKINDS OF AN ADJECTIVE
The kinds of comparison of the adjective are three:
POSITIVE: It is the adjective in his simple form, basic: nice, lindo; big, grande.
COMPARATIVE: it Establishes the relation or comparison between two things;
SUPERLATIVE: It denotes the highest degree of a quality. These two last degrees explain to continuation and have always like point of split the adjectivein his positive degree:
COMPARATIVE OF EQUALITY
|AFIRMATIVE |AS + adjective + AS = TAN + adjetivo + COMO |
This book is as interesting as that magazine.
Este libro es tan interesante como esa revista.
Buenos Aires is as expensive as Tokyo
Buenos Aires es tan cara como Tokio.|NEGATIVE |NOT AS + adjective + AS = NO TAN + adjetivo + COMO |
This flat is not as big as that house.
Este departamento no es tan grande como esa casa.
Paris is not as expensive as Tokyo
París no es tan cara como Tokio.
The monosyllables and the bisyllables finished in sound of avowel or with accent in the second syllable form the comparative adding -er to the adjective:
|ADJETIVES UNTIL |adjective + ER + THAN = MAS + adjetivo + QUE |
|TWO SYLLABLE | |
This book is cheaper than that magazine.
Este libroes más barato que esa revista.
With the polisílabos antepone more (more) to the adjective followed of than (than comparative):
|ADJETIVES OF THREE SYLLABLES |MORE + adjective + THAN = MAS + adjetive + QUE |
|OR MORE | |
Paris is moreinteresting than Los Angeles.
París es más interesante que Los Angeles.
antepone less (least) to the adjective followed of than (than comparative): less expensive than, least expensive that; less intelligent than, least intelligent that.
1. The monosyllables and bisyllables add the termination -est to the adjective: You plough the tallest, are thehighest; Mount Everest is the highest mountain, the mountain Everest is the highest mountain.
2. The polisyllables to place before the most (the more, the more, the more, the more) to the adjective: This book is the most expensive, this book is the most expensive.
3. The superlative of inferiority forms adding the least (the least) to the adjective:
The Rioja is the least expensive province...
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