Section 1.1 Measuring Time
1. How do archaeologists decide on an area to start a dig (excavation)? P.3
a. They must first investigate about what things or civilizations there used to be there.
2. Why are timelines important? Why would a historian use a timeline? Why would you use a time line? P. 4
b. Timelines are important because you can mark importantevents in chronological order.
c. A historian might use this to organize important events in order.
d. To keep track of important events in my history
3. Explain what chronological order is and how it applies to a timeline. P. 4g
e. Chronological order is something told in order, it applies to a timeline because you need to know which story came first and which onecame last.
4. How are historical periods determined? What other names can a period of history be called by? P. 4
f. Historical periods are determined by B.C and A.D,
g. other names can be “ERA” or “EPOC”.
5. What does history refer to? What is prehistory and why is it called prehistory? P.5
h. History refers to written history.
i. Prehistory is the timebefore written history
j. and it is called prehistory because it is pre- (before) history.
6. Why is Jesus’ birthdate important in determining periods of history? What do the following initials refer to: B.C, A.D, B.C.E., and A.D.? P.5
Jesus’ birth is important in determining periods of history because it is a key event, history is divided B.C and A.C
B.C.E= before common era
7. List and explain four different ways societies and cultures have developed and based their calendars. Why do you think they chose these ways to make their calendars? P.5
a. The Jewish calendar counts the years since the creation of the world. It is based on the sun and the moon.
b. The Mayan and Aztec made calendars made calendars forfarming and religious purposes.
c. Gregorian calendar is based on the movement of Earth around the sun.
d. Islamic calendar is based on the cycles of the moon
I think that they made calendars like that because it was a way to organize them in a religious, farming and personal activity way.
Section 1.2 Historical Sources
8. What is a primary source? What is a secondary source? What isthe difference? P. 6
A primary source is information given to you by a person at actually experienced an event. A secondary source is information given to you by a person that didn’t experience an event but knows about it. The difference is that one experienced an event and the other did not experience it.
9. Are artifacts primary sources? Explain. P. 6
Yes because it was made by aperson.
10. Give examples of secondary sources. Is a guide in a museum a primary or secondary source? Why? P. 6
A magazine or a newspaper article. A guide in a museum is a secondary source because he or she didn’t experience the event.
11. Are historical sources always correct? Explain why. P.7 No. Since it is the author’s personal opinion it may have been influenced or not accurate.12. How can historians verify (confirm) that a source is reliable (true)? P. 7 by asking yourself questions about the authors reputation, ask if the information is fact or opinion check the bias
13. Can you always trust information on the internet? Why? P. 7 NO because internet although has many well researched articles it also has many inaccurate web sites.
14. What three questionsshould a historian ask when evaluating if a source is reliable? P. 7
k. Who created the source of material
l. Is it fact or opinion
m. Does the material have a bias
15. What is bias an how can bias affect a historical source? P. 7
n. It is an unfair preference for or dislike of something. It can affect because it often leaves out facts that do not support the...