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Eugenio Espejo (1747-1795). Mestizo. Was born in the Royal Audience of Quito. Today, the Republic of Ecuador. The 18th century was is illustration and enlightment for theQuiteños. Espejo's extraordinary erudition is explained by the full access he had to the libraries created in Quito by the Jesuits. The best in the continent at that time.His work, Reflections on Smallpox, makes or Espejo outstanding in his field. Pioneer in bacteriology and of the biopathological observations in America. The first newspaper inQuito, Primacies of the culture of Quito, was his own work. Furthermore, Espejo is considered the precursor of the independence of Hispanoamerica.

Francisco Javier Eugeniode Santa Cruz y Espejo (Royal Audience of Quito, 1747-1795) was a medical pioneer, writer and lawyer of Mestizo origin in colonial Ecuador. Although he was a notable scientistand writer, he stands out as a polemicist who inspired the separatist movement in Quito. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in colonial Ecuador. He wasQuito's first journalist and hygienist. As a journalist he spread enlightened ideas in the Royal Audience, and as a hygienist he composed an important treatise about sanitaryconditions in colonial Ecuador that included interesting remarks about microorganisms and the spreading of disease.
Espejo was noted in his time for being a satirist. Hissatirical works, inspired by the philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment, were critical of the lack of education of the Royal Audience of Quito, the way economy was being handled inthe Audience, the corruption of its authorities, and aspects of its culture in general. Because of these works he was persecuted and finally imprisoned shortly before his death.
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