Human development indicators
Readers guide Note to table 1: about this year’s human development index
Monitoring human development: enlarging people’s choices . . . 1 2 3 4 Human development index Human development index trends Human and income poverty: developing countries Human and income poverty: OECD countries, Eastern Europe and the CIS .. . to lead a long and healthy life . . . 5 6 7 8 9 10 Demographic trends Commitment to health: resources, access and services Water, sanitation and nutritional status Inequalities in maternal and child health Leading global health crises and risks Survival: progress and setbacks . . . to acquire knowledge . . . 11 Commitment to education: public spending 12Literacy and enrolment 13 Technology: diffusion and creation . . . to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living . . . 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Economic performance Inequality in income or consumption The structure of trade Rich country responsibilities: aid Rich country responsibilities: debt relief and trade Flows of aid, private capital and debtPriorities in public spending Unemployment in OECD countries . . . while preserving it for future generations . . . 22 Energy and the environment 289 266 270 274 278 279 280 284 288 254 258 262 232 236 240 244 246 250 219 223 227 230
. . . protecting personal security . . . 23 Refugees and armaments 24 Victims of crime . . . and achieving equality for all women and men25 26 27 28 29 30 Gender-related development index Gender empowerment measure Gender inequality in education Gender inequality in economic activity Gender, work and time allocation Women’s political participation Human and labour rights instruments 31 Status of major international human rights instruments 32 Status of fundamental labour rights conventions 33 Basicindicators for other UN member countries 320 324 328 299 303 307 311 315 316 293 297
Note on statistics in the Human Development Report
Technical notes 1 Calculating the human development indices 2 Two sides of the poverty reduction coin—why growth and distribution matter 3 Assessing progress towards the Millennium Development Goals 340 347 352
Definitions of statisticalterms Statistical references Classification of countries Index to indicators Index to Millennium Development Goal indicators in the indicator tables
354 361 363 367 371
Human development indicator tables
The human development indicator tables provide a global assessment of country achievements in different areas of human development. Many of the Millennium DevelopmentGoal indicators are incorporated in these tables (see Index to indicators and Index to Millennium Development Goal indicators in the indicator tables). Data for these indicators provide a statistical reference for assessing the progress in each country towards the Millennium Development Goals and their targets. The main tables are organized thematically as described by the running titles at thetop of each table. The tables include data for 175 UN member countries along with Hong Kong, China (SAR), and the Occupied Palestinian Territories—all those for which the human development index (HDI) can be calculated. Because of lack of data, 16 UN member countries are not included in the HDI this year. Basic human development indicators for these countries are presented in table 33. In thetables countries and areas are ranked in descending order by their HDI value. To locate a country in these tables, refer to Key to countries on the back cover flap, which lists countries alphabetically with their HDI rank. Most of the data in the tables are for 2003 and are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 16 May 2005, unless otherwise specified.
Sources and definitions...
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