Korean culture is the result of over 3,000 years of history, and while it has beeninfluenced by the entire Asian region, especially China, has developed its own character. Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism have had great influence on their culture, though in recent decades other faithsalso have spread into the Korean peninsula, mainly in North Korea cheondoísmo and Christianity in South Korea. Also, Korean culture has been influenced by its geographic location as a bridge betweenits big neighbors, China and Japan.
South Korea experienced an economic transformation between 1975 and 1999. In that period, agriculture went to occupy 45.7% of the workforce to11.6% and now accounts for only 3.0% of GDP. After the Korean War, American and Japanese investment, ably led by the Korean government to strategic sectors, allowed an economic boom that has brought thecountry to overtake countries like Spain in GDP in PPP terms. Today, South Korea is the 12th largest economy (by PPP GDP) in the world, 1 and is classified as a developed country by the UN, the WorldBank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) .2 3 4
The South Korean flag is called Taegeukgi. It is white and has at its center the yin-yang. The yin (red symbol)means light and heat, the yang (blue symbol) represents the dark and cold. The symbols surrounding the yin-yang are four of the taeguks, symbolizing sky, water, fire and earth. The white background meanspeace.
The Shield of South Korea ("Taegeuk") is composed of the Yin and Yang symbol that also appears on the national flag. The Yin and Yang symbol in the shield is surroundedby five petals of the Rose of Altea, the national flower of South Korea, and a ribbon with the inscription "Republic of Korea" ("Daehan Minguk"), in characters Hangul.
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