Arizona (i/ɛrɪˈzoʊnə/; /ærɪˈzoʊnə/) (Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state located in the southwestern region of the United States. Arizona is also part of the Western UnitedStates and of the Mountain Weststates. Arizona is the sixth most extensive and the 15th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. The second largest city is Tucson,followed in population by eight cities of the Phoenix metropolitan area: Mesa,Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Tempe, Peoria, and Surprise.
Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguousstates to be admitted to the Union, and it achieved statehood on February 14, 1912. Arizona is noted for its desert climate in its southern half, where there are very hot summers and quite mild winters.The northern half of Arizona also features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees, a very large, high plateau (the Colorado Plateau) and some mountain ranges—such as the San FranciscoMountains—as well as large, deepcanyons, where there is much more moderate weather for three seasons of the year, plus significant snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Alpine.Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. Arizona has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and it has one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona has a389-mile (626 km)-long international border with the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.
Arizona is the most populous landlocked state of the United States, assuming that coastline onthe Great Lakes counts against being landlocked. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, several national forests, national parks, andnational monuments are located in Arizona. About one-quarter ofArizona is federal land that serves as the home of the Navajo Nation; the Hopi tribe; the Tohono O'odham; the Apache tribe; the Yaqui peoples; and various Yuman tribes, such as the Yavapai...
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