UNIVERSIDAD ESTATAL DEL SUR DE MANABÍ
Creada mediante ley N 2001-38, publicada en el registro oficial Nª261 del 7 de Febrero de año 2001
UNIDAD ACADÉMICA CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
CARRERA DE ENFERMERIA
pofesional en formación:
diana monserrate lino sornoza
ing. marianela san lucas
NURSING INHEALTH PREVENTION
Health and education today are joined in our social context, in such a degree that can offer very approximate values of quality and welfare of our society.
The vision of our population to the triad: health, disease and culture, is always marked by the culture in which we are immersed and upbringing.
Current cultural diversity demands even more, to endeavor to decipher symboliccodes used by outpatients our own culture, in order to know their real health needs. Moreover, we should always keep in mind as future nursing staff, categorizing risk as medical problems, situations that may simply correspond to problems of a different nature: economic, social, cultural or educational.
The intervention and sometimes the intrusion of medicine - and with all due respect for theprofession - in areas that are not proper is too often a very particular characteristic of our own time. This eagerness to where remedies can sometimes be unnecessary, helps to practice a health remedy imbalances that have a socio-cultural basis.
Proper communication could assist in the diagnostics and the subjective interpretation of the symptoms presented by the patient, while their culturalnuances are analyzed. For these reasons, it is necessary to make an effort to understand the contexts leg concerning health and beliefs of other cultures and distance ourselves from our Western cultural references. As well, observe patients get a more objective and value as a whole. All cultural knowledge is obtained at two levels, one general and one specific. On a general level, the clinicianunderstands that culture, ethnicity, race and migration process itself can affect the acquisition of values, how to address personal problems or illness, social and professional relationships the vision “emic “of society and customs. A specific level, the professional can learn these behaviors from an “etic“.
So, you must understand that these cultural components exert a powerful influence on the visionand acceptance of the disease as such, compliance and adherence to therapy and the results of the same process, since social behaviors are influenced by membership to a particular cultural group.
In therapeutic aspect, the focus should care relationship nuances as what the goals of the health care act: preventive, curative or simple advice.
Moreover, we know very well that in some cultures theprocesses of health and disease are closely linked to the symptoms. Often these opposing or simply different from our cultures have no tradition in the use of preventive medicine, because for them, and if there is no apparent problem, no therapeutic action involved. Only when symptoms appear and these are disabling, an awareness of being sick is assumed. It is likely that cultural group does notunderstand what it means to preventive medicine and the work of this. Cultures for their beliefs in the divine, religious or spiritual can explain a particular symptomatology and therefore the case is not exactly living like illness.
In Western culture, the disease is often treated as an entity in itself, with a pathophysiological origin explains. So, it is able to receive a particular treatment. Butin other cultures, this perception is certainly not the case. Often, patients of these cultures use the medicines prescribed by the health system and at the same time, traditional medicines. In these cases should be tolerant and respectful use of this dual therapy, except that there is evidence of damage to health.
Similarly, it must be remembered that there are biological incompatibilities...
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