Quitting Smoking Enhances Personality Change
ScienceDaily (Sep. 12, 2011) — University of Missouri researchers have found evidence that shows those who quit smoking show improvements in theiroverall personality.
"The data indicate that for some young adults smoking is impulsive," said Andrew Littlefield, a doctoral student in the Department of Psychology in the College of Arts and Science."That means that 18-year-olds are acting without a lot of forethought and favor immediate rewards over long term negative consequences. They might say, 'I know smoking is bad for me, but I'm going to doit anyway.' However, we find individuals who show the most decreases in impulsivity also are more likely quit smoking. If we can target anti-smoking efforts at that impulsivity, it may help the youngpeople stop smoking."
In the study, MU researchers compared people, aged 18-35, who smoked with those who had quit smoking. They found that individuals who smoked were higher in two distinctpersonality traits during young adulthood:
• impulsivity -- acting without thinking about the consequences
• neuroticism -- being emotionally negative and anxious, most of the time
Littlefieldfound that those with higher levels of impulsivity and neuroticism were more likely to engage in detrimental behaviors, such as smoking. However, Littlefield also found that those who quit smoking had thebiggest declines in impulsivity and neuroticism from ages 18 to 25.
"Smokers at age 18 had higher impulsivity rates than non-smokers at age 18, and those who quit tended to display the steepestdeclines in impulsivity between ages 18 and 25," Littlefield said. "However, as a person ages and continues to smoke, smoking becomes part of a regular behavior pattern and less impulsive. The motives forsmoking later in life -- habit, craving, loss of control and tolerance -- are key elements of smoking dependence and appear to be more independent of personality traits."
Despite the evidence from...
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