Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865) was the sixteenth President of the United States and the first for the Republican Party.
As a strong opponent of the expansion of slavery in the United States, Lincoln won the Republican nomination in 1860 and was elected president later that year. During his tenure, he helped preserve the United States for the defeat of the secessionistConfederate States of America in the Civil War. Introduced measures that resulted in the abolition of slavery, by issuing proclamation emancipation in 1863 and promoting the adoption of the thirteenth amendment to the constitution in 1865.
Lincoln closely supervised the result of the war to an end, in particular the selection of the best generals, including Ulysses S. Grant. Lincoln successfullymobilized public opinion through his rhetoric and speeches; his Gettysburg Address is only one example. When the war ended, Lincoln introduced the rebuilding, trying to assemble quickly to the country through a policy of generous reconciliation. His assassination in 1865 was the first assassination in the United States.
He was born on February 12, 1809 on a farm located 5 kilometers from thecity of Hodgenville in LaRue County today (LaRue County) of the State of Kentucky. His parents, Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, were born in Virginia and like many farmers pioneers had moved west. Lincoln's family came from England. In 1637, Samuel Lincoln, apprenticed as a weaver, left Britain and moved to North America, settling in Hingham, Massachusetts. Later, Lincoln were established in NewJersey, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and finally to Kentucky, where Thomas Lincoln, his twenty-eight, he married Nancy Hanks, June 12, 1806, when Nancy had twenty-two of age.
There is considerable controversy among the authors about the spiritual life of Abraham Lincoln, some argue that he was a deist; others however consider it a faithful Christian Baptist as well as their parents.Notwithstanding the above there are many similarities between Christian values and philosophy with principles that were reflected in the policies of Abraham and his political thought. Even in some of the quotations made a genuine rephrasing of Christian texts, which at least leads us to deduce that it was an assiduous student of the Scriptures. An example is the famous phrase "Better to remain silent andsuspicious of your little wisdom to speak and remove any doubt about that." which is almost a direct quote from Proverbs 17:28.
Abraham was raised by a family of Baptist both Tom and Nancy Lincoln, his parents belonged to the Little Mount Baptist Church, near Elizabethtown in the state of Kentucky.
When Abraham Lincoln was seven years old his family moved to Indiana. At agesixteen, Abraham was hired by James Gentry to conduct a gender raft to New Orleans. And he and Gentry's son traded downstream along the coast of sugar. It was on that trip where they were forced to repel the attack by a gang of blacks. They finally reached New Orleans, soon after returning home, his father decided to move again. The farm in Indiana and produced little milk fever threatened theirlivestock. John Hanks lived in Illinois, where he sent news of those lands. And Thomas decided to go away. After a long trip, the group reached the banks of the Sangamon River in the area near Springfield, Illinois, in 1829. They built their next home...Denton Offutt, a man who took a fancy to Abraham, who hired him on his return from New Orleans to take charge of a store with a mill in New Salem.
Andthere was Abraham, in July 1831. Lincoln already had twenty years of age, and owned him.
"But I know many things.
He could read, write and count, and even the rule of three, but nothing more. I never studied at a college or academy. What I have in education I have been gathering here and there, under the demands of necessity. "
He served as captain in the U.S. Army during...
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