Colombia Inversión Extranjera Directa

Páginas: 11 (2505 palabras) Publicado: 20 de junio de 2012
RODRIGO
 OCAMPO
 URIBE
  Code:
 766848
  ESTEBAN
 ZAPATA
 MEJIA
  Code:
 764337
 
  Country:
 Colombia
 
  The
 country
 chosen
 for
 the
 current
 essay
 is
 Colombia
 and
 the
 main
 objective
 is
 to
 provide
  the
  current
  information
  in
  economical
  terms
  and
  show
 how
  FDI
  and
  trade
  policy
  is
  impacting
 national
 economy.
 
  Colombia
  is
  located
  in
  the
  Northwest
  corner
  of
  South
  America,
  with
  an
  estimated
  population
  in
  2011
  of
  46
  million
  of
  inhabitants1.
 
  Its
  GDP
  is
  285.5112
  million
 USD,
  thus
  having
 a
 GDP
 per
 capita
 of
 6.685
 USD.
 In
 the
 last
 10
 years
 the
 situation
 of
 the
 country
 has
  changed
  due
  to
  the
  security,
  political
  and
  economic
  stability
  that
  the
  country
  has
  reached
  thanks
  to
  the
  former
 ex-­‐president
  Alvaro
  Uribe,
  and
  its
  “Democratic
  Security
  policy”,
  which
  improved
  the
  confidence
  of
  external
  investors
  in
  Colombia,
  and
  to
  the
  current
  one,
  Juan
 Manuel
 Santos
 who
 has
 continued
 Uribe´s
 most
 important
 policies.
 
  As
 it
 can
 be seen,
 the
 GDP
 has
 reached
 a
 stable
 positive
 grow
 rate
 in
 the
 mentioned
 time,
  adjusted
 by
 inflation.
 
 

Graphic
 1
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 2

DANE:
 National
 department
 of
 statistics.
 
 
 
 
 Estimated
 by
 IMF
 for
 2011
 


  Even
 comparing
 with
 Latin
 American
 countries
 the
 average
 growth
 of
 Colombia
 is
 higher
  

Graphic
 2
 


 

Also,
 compared
 to
 the
 world
 Colombia
 enjoys
 a
 comparatively
 dinamic
 growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Graphic
 3
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

As
 the
 GDP
 grow
 rate
 has
 improved,
 also has
 the
 balance
 of
 payments,
 as
 shown
 
 
 

Table
 1
 


 

The
 huge
 negative
 change
 in
 the
 balance
 from
 2006
 to
 2007
 is
 explained
 by
 the
 political
  conflicts
  between
  Colombia
  and
  Venezuela,
  which
  at
  that
  time
  was
  the
  second  trading
  partner
  of
  Colombia,
  after
  United
  States.
  After
  that
  new
  markets
  were
  opened
  and
  the
  balance
 of
 payments
 went
 back
 to
 its
 natural
 course
 
  Colombia
  mainly
  exports
  traditional
  goods,
  which
  are
  oil,
  coal,
  coffee
  and
 ferronickel
  accounting
  for
  the
  73%
  of
  total
  exports.
 
  So,
  it
  can
  be
  said
  that
  in
  this
  products,
  Colombia
  has
 a
 competitive
 advantage
 compared
 to
 other
 countries.
 
 
  The
  product
  to
  be
  analyzed
  will
  be
  coal,
  as
  it
 ...
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