IES PEÑACASTILLO 1º BACHILLERATO NOVEMBER
USES OF THE GERUND AND THE INFINITIVE
We use the gerund (base form of the verb+ing):
* As nouns, especially as the subject of a sentence:Living in a tree is unusual.
* After prepositions: Alice is tired of working in that office.
* After certain verbs and phrasal verbs: He enjoys spending time in Italy.
* After certainexpressions: It’s no use talking to him.
I’m looking forward to hearing from you.
B. THE INFINITIVE
We use the infinitive with to:
* After nouns (purpose): This is a new way to helppeople.
* After adjectives: She was surprised to meet us at the airport.
* After certain verbs and phrasal verbs: would you like to come with us?
When we use two verbs together, thesecond verb can be either a gerund or an infinitive.
There are some of the verbs which take the gerund:
Admit – advise – avoid – can’t help – complete – consider – deny – detest –discuss –don’t mind – enjoy – finish – give up – imagine – keep – mention – mind – miss –practice – recommend – report – resist – risk – suggest |
I can’t avoid seeing her at school. The thiefadmitted stealing the bag.
We form the negative by putting not before the gerund: Imagine not having friends!
These are some of the verbs which the infinitive (with to):Afford – agree – appear – arrange – ask – attempt – beg – care – claim – choose –dare – decide – demand – deserve – expect – fail – hesitate – hope – intend –learn – manage – mean – need – offer – plan –prepare – pretend –promise – refuse –seem – threaten – wait – want – wish – would like |
She refused to accept my apology. They agreed to talk to the reporter.
We form the negative by putting notbefore the infinitive: I decided not to go out.
3. VERB+GERUND OR INFINITIVE WITHOUT CHANGE IN MEANING
Love – like – dislike – hate – prefer – begin – start – continue |
I love learning...
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