Who was Socrates? Achievements to great Philosophy
Socrates was a greek philosopher in the 469 B.C. He was Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy being en emblematic figure of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato. Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from an antiquity.
Through hisportrayal in Plato's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method(which means a technique of probing questions). This method was a tool in a wide range of discussions, and it’s use in which a series of questions are asked not only to drawindividual answers, but also to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand. It is Plato's Socrates that also made important and lasting contributions to the fields of epistemology and logic, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains strong in providing a foundation for much western philosophy that followed. Plato is frequently viewed as the most informative source about Socrates' lifeand philosophy
At the end Socrates finally end by politic problems who were put in charge to him.
Plato Socrates best student
Plato (428–347 B.C.), along with Socrates (469–399 B.C.) and Aristotle (384–322 B.C.), is one of the three ancient Greek thinkers credited with originating Western philosophy. Born in Athens, Plato (whose real name was Aristocles) studied under Socrates. FromSocrates, Plato learned the Socratic or dialectic method, which used logic (the use of reason in thought processes) to achieve clear thinking. After Socrates's death, Plato traveled for more than a decade before founding a philosophy school called the Academy, near Athens. Donors supported the school so students were able to attend free of charge. The Academy flourished after Plato's death, untilEmperor Justinian I (483–565 B.C.) ordered it closed in A.D. 529 soon after the beginning of the Middle Ages (c. 450–c. 1500).
Plato made great contributions as the theory of ideas which he developed through his life. Plato believed that by using reason, a person could better understand the nature of goodness and apply it to life through a system called ethics.He dies while he was in bed
Thale thegreat Philosopher
Thales was a Greek Pre-Socratic philosopher from the Ionian city of Miletus in Asia (c. 620 - c. 546 B.C.). He predicted a solar eclipse, according to Herodotus [see below], and was considered one of the 7 ancient Sages (Plato Protagoras 343a).
Aristotle -- the main source on the philosophy and science of Thales -- considered him the founder of natural philosophy, the first toexplain natural phenomena without recourse to mythology. Aristotle says he developed the scientific method, theories to explain why things change, and proposed a basic underlying substance of the world. Such an underlying principle is known as an archê, which in Thales' case was water.
Thales started the field of Greek astronomy and may have introduced geometry into Greece after traveling inEgypt.
Together with Anaximander and Anaximenes, Thales formed the Milesian school of philosophy.
Anaximander Thale’s student
Anaximander of Miletus was thought to be a pupil of Thales and teacher of Anaximenes. Together they formed what we call the Milesian School of Pre-Socratic philosophy. He is credited with inventing the gnomon on the sundial and with drawing a map of the world or betterknown as cosmology (systematic view of the world) in which people live. Like his teacher, he believed in an arche (principle) that was at the basis of all the universe, but for him, it was an indefinite nature apeiron. All things came out of the apeiron through a process using heat and cold. Anaximander may have been the first to write a philosophical treatise, and in prose. He is said to have...
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