Mussolini was an Italian politician. Born in a poor family. His father was a blacksmith and his mother a school teacher. He studied teaching and started teaching, but he was notconstant in this because he used to travel a lot. Was expelled from Switzerland and Austria, where he had initiated contacts with sectors next to the irredentist movement.
He first approached to theSocialist Party, attracted by its more radical branch. What most interested him of the socialism, was its revolutionary slope. In 1910, he was named secretary of the provincial federation of Forliand shortly after became publisher of the weekly magazine (the class struggle).
The victory of the radical wing in the Congress of Reggio Emilia, held in 1912, gave greater him prominence withinpolitical education, which he used to take over the Milanese newspaper “Avanti“, the official organ of the party. Still, his views on fighting the "Red Week" of 1914 led to some concern among his fellowsoldiers, frightened by his radicalism. The division between Mussolini and the party increased with the first proclamation of neutrality after Italy entered World War I in August 1914. In November ofthat year he founded the newspaper Il Popolo d'Italia, ultra-nationalist trend, which costed him the expulsion from the Socialist Party.
He later wanted to capitalize on the dissatisfaction thatgripped Italian society after the end of the war by calling on the fight against the leftist parties, which he marked as guilty of the disaster, and this created the “fasci di combattimento“ armed groupsthat constituted the initial germ of the Fascist Party. He managed to win the favor of large landowners to be elected deputy in the May 1921 elections.The impotence of the government to deal with thesituation the country was going through and the dissolution of the Parliament paved the way for the March on Rome, which occurred on October 22, 1922. Mussolini´s triumphal entry into the Italian...
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