PIAGET AND HIS FIRST PERIOD
How do humans develop knowledge?... Is the human capacity to know a power that depends on the fact of receiving a specific training?... Is the ability to knowsomething linear and predictable over the life of the person?... Is it developed suddenly or gradually?... Is it an identical potential for each person?... Does it evolve according to logical orcoherent patterns?... Is there an underlying and need order in their development? ...
All these questions unsettled to Jean Piaget (1896-1980), Doctor of Biology, epistemologist, psychologist,sociologist, professor, researcher associate with the great characters is considered a decisive and fundamental step in the history of education, and father of the discipline that we know asEvolutionary Psychology.
Thanks to Piaget, we have the cognitive theory of human learning, which say that early human knowledge evolves gradually through coherent structures that are crimping and overlappingon each other, growing from simple to complex. It also evolves in strength, breadth and depth; so that the child thought patterns are initially, other than those of adults.
Human thinkingevolves and develops by the laws of assimilation and accommodation: Every new learning is included in previous cognitive structures, modifying them and giving rise to new ones. Later, these willinclude new learning, in turn creating other new thought structures, broader, deeper and complex on.
The assimilation and accommodation of new knowledge are processes that are staggered, creatinga sort of crisis that tends towards the restoration of homeostasis or internal balance as an adaptation to the environment, thus ensuring the survival of the individual. Thanks to the assimilationand accommodation, we restructured our continually learning, that is, our cognitive development.
Therefore, according to the cognitive theory of Piaget, human beings adapt themselves to the...
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