The Pros and Cons of Animal Testing
Animal testing or animal experimentation is the process of using non-humans for the purpose of experimentation. For example, scientists use animal testing todetermine the effectiveness and side effects of potentially new medicines to help decide if these medicines are safe for people. I think this is maybe related to why people use "guinea pig" as a termmeaning experimentation and sometimes even experimentation on people.
Animal testing is extremely controversial, so let’s review both the advantages and disadvantages of animal testing.
ReasonsFor Animal Testing
1. Medical Advancement: The most obvious advantage of animal testing is for medical experimentation. Advancements in medicine help people, animals, and even plants.Unfortunately, the best way to test potentially new medicines is through animal testing, and if initially successful, then by human testing too. It is considered more human to do medical testing on animalsfirst, then on humans first, for the obvious reason that human life is considered more precious than animals. Additionally, new medicines can also help animals too, so this falls under the philosophy ofthe needs of the many (animals) outweigh the needs of the few (animals). Meaning the few animals that are sacrificed or tested upon is worth less than the many animals that are potentially saved orhelped, thus helping the greater good is more morale. Of course, this opinion is subjective to each person.
2. Product Safety: Another popular reason for animal testing is for determining thesafety of products, such as cosmetics testing. In theory, animals used for safety testing are normally not killed and remain healthy, however they are often maltreated. Again, it is commonly consideredthat the safety of people outweighs the safety of animals, therefor animal testing for safety is common.
3. Scientific Knowledge: Animal testing and experimentation is an excellent source to...
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